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A reflective ride on mountain that witnessed bloodshed in both world wars

The latest video from the Col Collective sees Mike Cotty head to Italy’s Veneto region to take on a mountain that breathes history – but, for once, not in the cycling sense.

Monte Grappa was the scene of three battles during World War I as the Austro-Hungarian army attempted, without success, to break through Italian lines to head down into the Po Valley below.

The remains of thousands of troops who died in the battles between November 1917 and October 1918 are housed in the striking memorial that stands on the summit of the mountain, which also retains some of the fortifications installed by the Italian army that stemmed their enemy’s advance.

The mountain’s role in the conflict a century ago means it’s a reflective Cotty who rides towards the summit, passing on the way memorials commemorating events of World War II, including one to seven partisans believed to have been burned alive by German soldiers in a tunnel.

Given the Veneto is one of the heartlands of Italian cycling, it’s a surprise that Monte Grappa has only featured in the Giro d’Italia on 10 occasions, most recently in 2014 when Nairo Quintana won an individual time trial there, two days before being crowned the overall winner.

There are 10 approaches to the mountain, with Cotty choosing the one from the south, starting from the village of Semonzo near Bassano del Grappa, famous for its covered bridge.

Here’s what The Col Collective say about a mountain that has a singular place in Italian history.

Few mountains carry as many accolades as Monte Grappa. No matter which of its ten ascents you choose to ride the sense that you are in a special place resonates from the start. Rising out of the Veneto plains much like Mont Ventoux's dominance over Southern Provence, this mountain encapsulates you on a journey of wonder, not only by its beauty and magnitude but of the many reminders of darker days past when the Grappa's slopes became a ferocious battleground for thousands caught at war.

The many sides of Monte Grappa begin from three main directions, each of which offer a very different journey on their way to the summit. It has to be said, every climb is a challenge in itself providing a cycling playground that caters for everyone. From the north, three sides feature a Dolomiti backdrop (Cismon, Caupo and Seren) five menacingly brutal adjoining climbs from the east (Alano di Piave, Pederobba, Cavaso, Possagno and Paderno, the latter two with long stretches well beyond 20% gradient putting them on the podium alongside the fearsome Zoncolan and Mortirolo as Italy's hardest) and two rise up from the Veneto plains from the south. The southern ascents can both be reached via the romantic city of Bassano del Grappa (where the digestivo Grappa originated) and despite the official starting points of Semonzo and Romano d'Ezzelino a visit to this medieval city is an absolute must if you're tackling the climb from the south. While Romano is the “classic" side, probably because it's the easiest, it's not the prettiest on offer so on this occasion, after a morning in Bassano, we rolled out of town towards the ascent starting from Semonzo, a serious test and real showcase for the mountain along with being the host of the Stage 19 time-trial in the 2014 Giro d’Italia.

Semonzo is a tiny commune of Borso del Grappa, it's here where the ascent officially starts. Since learning about the "Brevetto del Grappa", set-up to award 'brevets" (certificates) to riders who scale 10 (gold), 6 (silver) or 3 (bronze award) of the routes within a season Mike was now on a mission. After purchasing the Brevetto for 10 euros and getting his first stamp at "Locanda Tilly’s" cafe in Semonzo, the climb began in style pitching straight up to 9% and holding that for not far off the first 9km. Rising up from the Veneto plains on the poplar tree lined road, the gradient and stifling heat mean thoughtful pacing and plenty of fluids are an absolute essential if you're going to survive the 20 switchbacks that come in quick succession over the first half of the ascent.

Rolling vistas, rock carved tunnels, paragliders and an abundance of wildlife keep you well entertained until the climb opens out towards mid distance, weaving through lush meadows whilst clinging to the edge of a cliff face. Enjoy the last moment of respite before the gradient starts to turn the screw once more, regularly tipping double figures the higher you climb. It's here where we started to really feel the spirit of the Grappa. Looking out over the vast peaceful slopes it's hard to imagine a time when the very place that was bringing us so much pleasure were scenes of war and unthinkable acts just a few decades ago.

> Knowing the history of the Grappa only adds to the respect and sheer blessing we have to be able to enjoy this mountain in times of peace. Numerous memorials serve as a reminder that this was not always the case. Brutal, bloody battles in WW1 and WW2 between Italian and Austro-Hungarian troops saw the Italians fend off invasion but not without an immense loss of life. The Sacraria Militaire del Monte Grappa at the summit is a guarded monumental burial site, in which 22,910 identified and unidentified soldiers rest. There is an overwhelming sense of spirituality throughout the Grappa, somehow with the reminders of war within your tired gaze the challenge of the mountain and testing gradient pail into insignificance, eclipsed by thought and moments of reflection.

 Monte Grappa is an Italian national treasure one to be enjoyed, respected and visited every once in a while. Peace.

Vital statistics

Start: Semonzo

Length: 18.5km

Summit: 1,745m

Elevation gain: 1,530m

Average gradient: 8.3%

Max gradient: 14%

Ridden in July

Simon has been news editor at road.cc since 2009, reporting on 10 editions and counting of pro cycling’s biggest races such as the Tour de France, stories on issues including infrastructure and campaigning, and interviewing some of the biggest names in cycling. A law and languages graduate, published translator and former retail analyst, his background has proved invaluable in reporting on issues as diverse as cycling-related court cases, anti-doping investigations, and the bike industry. He splits his time between London and Cambridge, and loves taking his miniature schnauzer Elodie on adventures in the basket of her Elephant Bike.