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Are the bikes the pros ride in the Tour de France the same as you can buy in the shops?

Tour de France tech questions: how the pros’ bikes are the same… but different
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During the Tour de France we wanted to provide some answers to those questions that you might have had but were too afraid to ask, fearing that it might either be a ‘silly question’ or that you’d be stuck talking to that weird cycling person in the office about something called ‘Di2’ for your whole lunch break.

Anyway, the first topic concerns the item that transports the riders around their lap of France, the humble bicycle itself. You might have heard that the pros' bikes are extra-special, but what actually makes them so eye-wateringly expensive? Surely they’re just like the bikes you can buy in your local bike shop?

The question of whether the pros' bikes are the same as ones that you or I can buy in the shops is, broadly speaking, a simple one to answer. More or less, the pros' bikes are these days the same as those that you can buy. All you have to do is hand over around £10,000 (or more) of your cash and you’ll be presented with something that is much the same as the bikes that you’ll see being raced towards Paris.

But it would be a bit simplistic to broadly say that the bikes are pretty much the same. So let’s dive a little bit deeper and look at the individual parts that make up a pro bike. Some you can buy, some are arguably worse than the stuff you get as stock, and there are plenty of tips that we can take from pro race bikes.

Frames

Tour Tech 2011 road trip - Garmin Cervelo mechanics at work.jpg

The main component in any bike is the frameset and the ones that you see in the shops are the same as the ones that the pros are riding.

Of course, the pros have the lightest, stiffest versions of those frames, and they have them well-ahead of general sale, but you should eventually be able to get your hands on your favourite rider’s bike.

There are still instances where a top rider will have a good strop when a rival gets a frame that they believe to be better, and you can usually find at least one pro rider per year who is bad-mouthing their old bike when they leave for a new team. 

peter sagan cannondale synapse (2)

If we wanted to fire up the rumour mill – and we absolutely want to do that – there have been notable cases where the big riders have requested their sponsors make one-off bikes just for them with special geometries. That list includes names like Fabian Cancellara and Peter Sagan who both had custom-made versions of their team’s new race bike because they didn’t like the geometry (the frame’s measurements) of the standard-issue bike.

Sagan and Cancellara are two of the biggest names in the men’s professional peloton and their status within the sport means that they can request stuff like that. Riders that are lower on the pecking order simply have to put up with what they get.

One team folded after continued issues with its bikes, which were blamed for costing the riders wins. The team then blamed a lack of invitations to races and a failed merger with another team for their demise.

Groupsets

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There’s rarely any groupset component on display that you won’t find on bikes in your local bike shop. You might find the odd pro bike sporting a non-sponsor correct power meter, but the electronic shifting provided the main three groupset manufacturers is so good that we rarely see anyone stray from their sponsor's product.

Last year we did see some of the SRAM-sponsored Trek-Segafredo riders using Shimano’s Di2 sprint shifters instead of the SRAM Blips, so we’ll keep an eye out for those again this year.

Tour de France 2019 Vincenzo Nibali Merida Reacto KOM - 12.jpg

Speaking of the sprint shifters, you’ll also find many modified satellite shifter buttons that the riders can use to shift gears when resting their hands on the tops of the bar. You can certainly buy these special shifters with your new bike, but we'd recommend asking the mechanic if they could fit them for you.

Tour de France 2019 Nico Roche 58T chainring - 1.jpg

If a stage is set to end in a particularly fast sprint, or tail-crosswinds are predicted to blow, then the mechanics will be busy swapping out the standard 53-tooth outer ring for anything up to a 56-tooth. With speeds on the flats approaching 70kph in places, the pros need these monster gears to simply keep up. On the time trial days, riders will even go up to a 58-tooth chainring which Shimano makes only for the pros.

Wheels

Whereas many of the bikes in the local shop will come with cheaper aluminium wheels, you won’t find stock aluminium wheelsets anywhere near a pro bike these days. Carbon is the only wheel material for the pros because carbon wheels are lighter, more aerodynamic, stiffer and that all adds up to be faster.

How many wheels-2

Poke your head into a pro team mechanics' truck and you’ll see countless wheels hanging from the walls. The riders have a variety of depths to pick from and they’re nearly all tubular wheels. These require the tyres to be glued onto the rim in a process that takes a few days.

If you believe the aero claims attached to the latest tubeless wheel designs then this is somewhere that the average punter can actually get better kit than the pros. Brands are making tubeless rims wider, giving us a comfier system, supposedly with lower rolling resistance and better puncture protection too.

More bikes in your local shop will come with tubeless-ready wheels as standard, so wheels are one of the key differences between Tour de France race bikes and bikes you can buy.

Tyres

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Those tubular wheels need tubular tyres to be glued onto the rim. While some amateur riders still use tubs, they are rapidly being replaced by tubeless tyres as the system becomes easier to set up and more reliable. The pros though are still clinging on, despite the tyres sometimes being slower in rolling resistance tests.

There are some very good reasons for this with the main one being that when you puncture a tubular tyre, you can keep on riding in relative safety until your team car comes up to you, giving you a shorter chase back onto the peloton. A clincher or tubeless tyre isn’t glued onto the rim and once deflated, there isn’t much holding it onto the rim.

continental pro ltd tyre2.JPG

Generally a tubular tyre and wheel system is also still lighter than the tubeless option. The gap is closing, though so it might not be long before we see tubeless tyres used on a bike that's ridden to Tour de France victory.

On a bike that you see in a shop, you’ll more often than not see clincher or tubeless tyres.

Long, low and narrow

paris roubaix 2013 - taylor phinney 15cm stem

This isn’t strictly a difference between shop bikes and pro bikes, as you can set your bike up in any way that you choose but the number of pro riders with long, low and narrow positions is greater than you’d see on the average club ride.

Pro riders are generally 20-somethings that spend 20+ hours per week in the saddle and also stretch every day. That keeps them comfortable in what can look like back-breaking positions.

The bikes in a shop will be set up differently for one key reason, comfort. Generally, they will feature a wider and higher handlebar position that is also closer to the saddle. This is because this will often be more comfortable for the average human that is buying the bike.

A good shop will always adjust the position for you, so you can replicate those super-low racer positions if you want, just be ready to see a chiropractor when your back goes!

Drilling down into the detail

Frame-mounted race numbers

Lars Boom - Tour de France Bianchi Infinito CV - race number

Used to attach a rider’s race number to their frame. Honestly, this is less helpful to the viewers and race officials than it is to the mechanics. The rider's race number helps to easily identify whose bike is whose.

The number holders are never included with your shop-bought bike and are often a custom-made solution, though you can buy them.

Water bottles are marked

water bottles.JPG

Before heading out, you and I won’t be taking a Sharpie to remind ourselves that we have Ribena in our bottles. But when a pro wants their specific energy drink over plain water, it is easier for the mechanic and sports director in the team car to identify what the bottle that they’ve just pulled from the cool box contains if it is marked with ‘M’ (mix) or ‘W’ (water). The letter or marking used changes from team to team.

Identical bikes on both team cars

peter sagan spare bike - 1.jpg

Just bought a lovely new bike from the shop? How about two more identical machines to follow you through France on the roofs of the two team cars following the race? You know, just in case your gears are a little off today.

Bike too light? Use aluminium parts

If you have deep pockets then the bike you buy from the shop can be far lighter than a pro bike. The pros can’t go lower than 6.8kg and if a pro bike is a bit light riders will often opt for an aluminium handlebar or stem to bring the weight up. These are also less likely to snap when there is a pile-up... and there are lots of pile-ups in the Tour de France.

Garmin dongles, bar tape and electrical tape

Speaking of pile-ups, when one occurs, GPS head units can often detach themselves from their mounts. Riders will use tape inside the computer’s mount, or a little strap to save their bike computer from going walkies, never to be seen again.

The pro team mechanics will also put bar tape on the riders pedals to stop any unwanted movement. Both are neat tricks that you can employ at home.

Does that part come with its own Sharpie?

tour_tech_2018_-_vincenzo_nibali_fizik_antares_no_logos_-_1.jpg

Look closely, especially at saddles and tyres, and you’ll see a whole load of fun has been had with a Sharpie permanent marker. If a rider doesn’t like the sponsor’s saddle and they’re an important rider then they will often just use their preferred perch and scribble out the logo.

Tyres are a massive culprit for this. Many teams will use Continental’s Pro Ltd tyres even when sponsored by another brand. The poor mechanics have a lot of Continental logos to colour in but an eagle-eyed bike journo can usually spot them pretty easily.

Sponsor logos plastered everywhere

The bike that you buy in the shop will often come with a design that you love. Pro bikes often start out with the same design, then the sponsors of the jersey, groupset, wheels, power meter, brake pads and even the team owner’s family’s plumbing business get their logo on the bike. Some can end up looking a right mess, but not your shiny new bike unless you too have a plumbing company…

Son of a Marathon runner, Nephew of a National 24hr Champion, the racing genetics have completely passed him by. After joining the road.cc staff in 2016 as a reviewer, Liam quickly started writing feature articles and news pieces. After a little time living in Canada, where he spent most of his time eating poutine, Liam returned with the launch of DealClincher, taking over the Editor role at the start of 2018. At the weekend, Liam can be found racing on the road both in the UK and abroad, though he prefers the muddy fields of cyclocross. To date, his biggest race win is to the front of the cafe queue.

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