You can't steer a bike in zero gravity. That's the verdict of researchers at Cornell University after conducting an experiment not in outer space but the more mundane location of a sports hall.
They say that "gravity, superficially the thing that makes it hard to balance a bicycle, is the thing that allows you to steer it."
The team at the School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering at the Ivy League institution, located in Ithaca, New York, made what they term a "bricycle" to conduct their research.
It's described as a hybrid between a tricycle and a bicycle, and also has a "zero rest-length spring" which can be adjusted for stiffness.
"Clamping the spring, infinite stiffness, makes a tricycle," say the researchers. "Detaching the spring, zero stiffnes, makes a bicycle.
"At some intermediate value of stiffness, the spring restoring torque cancels the gravity capsizing torque and the bricycle is, for balance purposes, effectively in zero gravity; when not going forwards it is in neutral equilibrium for leaning."
The effect of those adjustments on attempting to steer the bricycle are clearly shown in this video:
Professor Andy Ruina says that while it's gravity that causes cyclists to take the occasional tumble from their bikes, it also proves vital when it comes to steering.
According to the university's website, the findings of the research may prove helpful to designers of mobility aids to assist with rehabilitation from injury, as well as manufacturers of what are termed "narrow-track vehicles," aimed at reducing traffic congestion, such as the Nissan Land Glider shown in this video.
Professor Andy Ruina, who presented the research at the American Physical Socirty's annual meeting in Denver, Colorado earlier this month, said: “What our research shows is that you’ve got to be careful.
“But I’m sure the people designing these things have made this discovery one way or the other,” he added.
Simon has been news editor at road.cc since 2009, reporting on 10 editions and counting of pro cycling’s biggest races such as the Tour de France, stories on issues including infrastructure and campaigning, and interviewing some of the biggest names in cycling. A law and languages graduate, published translator and former retail analyst, his background has proved invaluable in reporting on issues as diverse as cycling-related court cases, anti-doping investigations, and the bike industry. He splits his time between London and Cambridge, and loves taking his miniature schnauzer Elodie on adventures in the basket of her Elephant Bike.