Everything you need to know about the UK's best-selling bike type

Watch people riding to work or pootling around riding spots away from traffic at the weekend you’ll see lots of the flat-bar bikes somewhat oddly known as ‘hybrids’. Just what is a hybrid and what makes them Britain’s best-selling bike type?

In a sensible world, a hybrid would just be a bike, and all the specialist bike types would get their own particular names. But the popularity of different bike types follows fashion trends. Before the mountain bike boom of the late ’80s and early ’90s ‘10-speed racers’ and touring bikes ruled the roost.

Rider on hybrid (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Bloodwise:Flickr).jpg
CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Bloodwise:Flickr

Then the mountain bike came along and reminded people that a bike with powerful brakes and an upright riding position was fun to ride, and very practical on potholed city streets.

A mountain bike’s fat tyres and sturdy build is overkill for most UK riding, though. A bike soon emerged with the flat handlebar and friendly controls of a mountain bike, but the lighter frame and larger, quicker wheels of a road bike: the hybrid.

>>Read more: Beginner's guide: how to choose and buy your next bike 

What’s a hybrid exactly?

That broad definition leaves a lot of scope for variation. At one end of the scale are flat-bar road bikes, which as the description suggests have the very skinny tyres and lightweight, close-coupled frame of a road bike, but with a flat bar. Just the thing for zooming through sun-drenched Tuscan lanes, if not so great for rainy, potholed British city streets.

Kinesis Tripster ACE - bars

 

Fatter tyres with deeper treads are more common though, and usually provide the grip and cushioning that make these bikes really versatile. You can easily take a hybrid places where you'd hesitate to ride a road bike, or where very skinny tyres need a high level of skill and care. Canal towpaths, forest roads and easier singletrack trails are all accessible.

That versatility is reflected in the features you’ll usually find on a hybrid. Hybrids almost always have mounts on the frame and fork for mudguards; mounts on the frame for a rack to carry pannier bags; and two mounts on the frame for water bottles. You may also find mounts on the fork for a front rack and frame mounts for a lock by the rear wheel.

A few hybrids come with all this and more as standard equipment, especially if they are also intended to be sold in Europe, where people expect their bikes to be ready to roll as practical transport straight off the shop floor.

Such a ‘fully-equipped’ hybrid will have a pannier rack and mudguards, dynamo lighting, a built-in lock and even that most reviled of accessories, a kickstand for parking convenience.

Let’s take a closer look at hybrid features.

Frame & fork

BTwin Nework 700 - bottom bracket

Hybrids are almost always made from aluminium for its combination of strength and low weight. They sometimes have suspension forks, which are arguably a bit of a gimmick, adding weight and cost without adding much useful function.

You will also find steel-framed hybrids, usually aimed at trendy urban riders. If you’ve money to burn there are also a few manufacturers producing hybrids with super-light carbon fibre frames, which sounds daft until you consider carrying a bike up several flights of stairs to a top-floor flat or room in a shared house.

Gears

For the most part, hybrids use derailleur gears, with mechanisms that move the chain around sprockets on the rear wheel and cranks. These are light and simple but a bit vulnerable to damage, so a few manufacturers offer hybrids with fully-enclosed hub gears.

B'Twin Hoprider 520 02 transmission

Either way, the controls are on the handlebar, right next to the brake levers and easy reached as you ride; this ease of use is one of the things that makes hybrids popular.

GT Traffic - Nexus hub

To give a usable spread, hub gear hybrids usually have seven or eight gears, though you occasionally see Shimano’s expensive, wide-range eleven-speed hub gear.

For maximum simplicity, some hybrids just have a single gear. 

Vitus Vee 1 transmission.jpg

Hybrids with derailleur gears usually have three sprockets (called chainrings) on the cranks and between seven and ten at the rear. This gives a really wide range of gears so you can zoom downhill and still climb comfortably.

Brakes

Hybrids have always borrowed braking technology from mountain bikes, and now use either V-brakes or disc brakes.

Vitus Vee 1 front brake.jpg

V-brakes mount on special bosses on the frame near the wheel rims and have a brake cable that pulls the top of two arms to bring the pads against the rim.

Like disc brakes on cars, bike disc brakes have a dedicated braking surface on the wheel, mounted on the hub.

Kinesis Tripster ACE - front disc

Both provide good braking in the dry, but discs perform better in the wet because the braking surface is further away from the road.

Wheels and tyres

Most hybrids use the same wheel size as drop-handlebar road bikes, known as 700C. The designation comes from a French wheel sizing system and used to indicate a tyre that was 28 inches (700mm) across, though most modern 700C tyres are smaller than that.

A few hybrids use mountain bike size 26-inch tyres. The wheels are therefore a bit smaller and tougher, though the tyres on such a bike will be lighter and smoother than mountain bike knobblies. 

Kinesis Tripster ACE - tim and tyre

Hybrids have a wide range of tyre sizes, from lightly-treaded narrow tyres (usually 28mm or so wide) for speed, to fat tyres with chunky tread for dirt tracks.

One popular option is highly-puncture resistant tyres such as Schwalbe Marathons, which will ward off all but the nastiest sharp objects.

Extras

If you’re going to do more than pootle round the woods on dry days, there are a few things you should consider buying along with your new bike.

Mudguards: Spray from the tyres makes a big contribution to a winter soaking, so if you’re going to ride when there’s a chance of rain (all but a few days per year in the UK!) mudguards will keep you a lot drier.

Kona Dr Good - mudguard

Clip-on mudguards can be fitted to road bikes with tight clearances, while if your bike has more room in the frame you can use full-coverage bolt-on guards.

Rack & luggage: If you want to carry stuff while you ride you have two options: panniers that clip on to a rack bolted to the rear of the bike; or a rucksack.

B'Twin Hoprider 520 16 - rear rack

Panniers are more comfortable and allow you to carry more, but are awkward off the bike. A rucksack is easy to carry off the bike, usually has lots of compartments to help keep you organised or lose your keys in, but will give you a sweaty back. You decide your priorities and make your choice.

Lights: A legal requirement if you’re going to ride at night, and just sensible too. A flashing rear light is now almost a sign of a bike; many riders like to pair a flasher with a constant light because it’s easier for drivers to track the position of a steady light on dark roads. Up front you have a huge range of choices from small lights that will get you seen to high-power systems that light the road for many metres ahead.

Lock: As a rule of thumb, spend 10% of the cost of your bike on a lock. Look for Sold Secure ratings and go for a lock that’s rated at least Silver if you’re going to leave your bike parked on the street for any length of time.

Frame lock.jpeg

 

If your bike has the necessary mounts, a frame lock like the one on a Koga trekking bike, above, is wonderfully convenient for short stops

Fully-equipped hybrids: As mentioned above, it’s possible to get a hybrid with all the trimmings, and it’s a lot cheaper that way.

How much to spend

Hybrids are great budget transport. You can pick one up for less than £200, and by the time you get up the price range to around £300 there are some really quite nice bikes.

Bung even a £300 bike on Cycle To Work Scheme and you'll barely notice the payments disappearing from your pay packet. In fact, in many cities, you'll be better off. Compared to a London Zone 1-3 Travelcard at £144.80 per month, a £154.00 Bristol City peak travelcard or a Cambridge Megarider Plus bus ticket for £92, the repayments for a hybrid are trivial.

As with almost all bikes, hybrids get rapidly nicer to ride as you climb the price range to about £1,000, after which you get into diminishing returns.

If you want disc brakes, you’ll need to spend about £400 and up.

Fully-equipped hybrids, or ones with a rack and mudguards, are scattered through the price range.

>>Read more: The best hybrid bikes
>>Read more: The best cheap hybrid bikes
>>Read more: Reviews of urban and hybrid bikes on road.cc

Our official grumpy Northerner, John has been riding bikes for over 30 years since discovering as an uncoordinated teen that a sport could be fun if it didn't require you to catch a ball or get in the way of a hulking prop forward.

Road touring was followed by mountain biking and a career racing in the mud that was as brief as it was unsuccessful.

Somewhere along the line came the discovery that he could string a few words together, followed by the even more remarkable discovery that people were mug enough to pay for this rather than expecting him to do an honest day's work. He's pretty certain he's worked for even more bike publications than Mat Brett.

The inevitable 30-something MAMIL transition saw him shift to skinny tyres and these days he lives in Cambridge where the lack of hills is more than made up for by the headwinds.

19 comments

Avatar
Wolfcastle50 [45 posts] 9 months ago
1 like

Great article!
I've got 6 bikes but my £70 hybrid gets the most use because of commutes, shopping or social trips. It rarely has a technical and is basically free to run.

After this article I'm going to add a Dutch style frame lock as they're so easy.

Avatar
Wolfcastle50 [45 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

.

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Griff500 [291 posts] 9 months ago
4 likes
Valbrona wrote:

Defining factor of a hybrid = 700c wheels.

As opposed to, say a comfort bike = 26" wheels.

In other words, a bike with 26" wheels cannot be a hybrid as this article seems to indicate.

Don't you just hate clever dicks?

Nah! Just people who misquote others to try to make a point. What the article acutally said was: 

"Most hybrids use the same wheel size as drop-handlebar road bikes, known as 700C...........A few hybrids use mountain bike size 26-inch tyres. "

 

 

Avatar
stomec [56 posts] 9 months ago
1 like
Valbrona wrote:

Defining factor of a hybrid = 700c wheels

 

According to??

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BehindTheBikesheds [2421 posts] 9 months ago
1 like

Why buy a hybrid.

When you want a do it all bike that can be set up for going fast/club rides/time trails, lugging loads, touring, getting you to the shops and visits to friends, pottering with the kids, going off road, going to work, getting you to the pub and back etc.

My most valued/most used bikes have been hybrids (since I swithced from a drop bar as my daily), first one was the original Ridgeback Genesis Day02, a racing geo so had great handling but could carry heavy loads and do all the above. I replaced it with a Spesh Globe pro (AKA the shopping bike), one of the very best hybrids money could buy and incredibly versatile and robust, certainly good enough for 180kg load and getting this fat lump up into some alpine peaks and down again at high speed and also being able to take a hit and run and a few other hits and not bat an eyelid.

I bloody love 'em! 

Avatar
alansmurphy [1892 posts] 9 months ago
6 likes
Valbrona wrote:

 

Don't you just hate clever dicks?

 

 

 

I think you are uniformly hated for being a dick; nobody on here is likely to think you're clever though!

Avatar
nbrus [585 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

Hybrids are great for jumping on/off kerbs and adventuring off onto country footpaths and farm tracks. Bigger tyres mean more grip and fewer punctures while suspension forks help when speeding over cattle grids, speed bumps and smaller pot holes. Hard work to get the extra weight up steep hills, but I don't mind an occassional workout.

Avatar
nbrus [585 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

Hybrids are great for jumping on/off kerbs and adventuring off onto country footpaths and farm tracks. Bigger tyres mean more grip and fewer punctures while suspension forks help when speeding over cattle grids, speed bumps and smaller pot holes. Hard work to get the extra weight up steep hills, but I don't mind an occassional workout. Good article.

Avatar
alansmurphy [1892 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

Does a true hybrid have front forks?

Avatar
ConcordeCX [886 posts] 9 months ago
5 likes
alansmurphy wrote:

Does a true hybrid have front forks?

no

 

Avatar
nigerian prince [44 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes
alansmurphy wrote:
Valbrona wrote:

 

Don't you just hate clever dicks?

 

 

 

I think you are uniformly hated for being a dick; nobody on here is likely to think you're clever though!

.

Avatar
RMurphy195 [149 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

Aren't these just the modern version of the 3-speed Sturmey Archer equipped "Roadster" that I had in my yoof, before I got a "racer" (10-speed, double clanger, with centre-pulls - the real biz!)

Oops - should have read the article more thoroughly before posting!

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Morat [307 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

So, if you put flat bars on a gravel bike....

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franta [7 posts] 9 months ago
1 like
Morat wrote:

So, if you put flat bars on a gravel bike....

 

Well, yes, gravel bikes are nothing more than hybrids with drop bars.

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andyeb [35 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

Seems to me it's people who don't like cycling who buy hybrids. Or is it people who buy hybrids don't like cycling?

Designed for everything, good at nothing.

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No Sweat [36 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes

The term hybrid now seems to be applied to any bike for which marketeers have not (yet?) invented a market segment.

Back-in-the-day a  'hybrid' was a bike which looked superficially like a mountain bike, and so appealed to the masses who knew little about bikes, but which was really only suited to use on roads or tow-paths etc., probably having slick or semi-slick tyres and a more upright riding position.

On second thoughts, plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.

Avatar
alansmurphy [1892 posts] 9 months ago
2 likes

Why would you buy a bike if you don't like cycling.

 

And I disagree with your last statement, it's akin to suggesting that a 'cross' bike is useless as it's not the best on the road or vice versa with an 'aero' bike. When deciding if road was for me I had a decent Boardman hybrid, almost a flat bar race bike, was brilliantly quick and much more comfy for an amateur. In fact, if you'd raced 20 miles on road and 20 on gravel, towpath, light woods type then it'd smash a race bike and mountain bike. It's almost like they're designed to be between the two, sort of like some kind of erm... what's the word... hybrid?

 

Avatar
BehindTheBikesheds [2421 posts] 9 months ago
0 likes
andyeb wrote:

Seems to me it's people who don't like cycling who buy hybrids. Or is it people who buy hybrids don't like cycling?

Designed for everything, good at nothing.

Seems to me people like you are simply clueless, only bike nobs, sorry snobs say what you have. Like for like you get more bang for your book with a high end hybrid than an out and out racer.

Name me one racing bike from the mid 00s that was part alu/part carbon with respect to its frame, had high end carbon bars, carbon forks and seatpost as standard fit and 2nd tier level components all for under £800?

My missuses 2007 Globe pro came in at 9.2kg and that was with 38mm folding tyres, a fat arse saddle, pedals and a pannier rack, lighter than many higher so called gravel bikes in the last 2-3 years.

Top end hybrids can do 90%, even 95% of what a racing bike, touring bike or off road bike can do, that's what they are good at, good at being a jack of all trades, people like you simply don't get it!

Avatar
Duncann [1410 posts] 9 months ago
1 like
andyeb wrote:

Seems to me it's people who don't like cycling who buy hybrids. Or is it people who buy hybrids don't like cycling?

Designed for everything, good at nothing.

No good for getting a few miles to/from work/shops/etc., for longer weekend rides of 10-20 miles, for carrying a child set or other luggage, for some light off-road?

They seems good enough for most things that many people want to do with a bike.

The Ford Focus of the bicycle world?