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The story of Brooks England, the resurgent British bike saddle specialists

Brooks leather saddles look great on pretty much any bike. Find out why they're still so popular and delve into the history of this classic brand

Once a household name throughout the land, and now a resurgent chic brand, Brooks saddles are true works of art that are hand cut and riveted in Smethwick, Birmingham. There's a pretty turbulent story behind these modern classics too.

Brooks saddle 3 - Steve Thomas

For those of us of a certain age who grew up in the era of flared trousers and tartan Rollermania in the 1970s – and probably even more so for those who came before us – Brooks saddles were something that just about everyone knew of. It could even be said that they were as synonymous with sitting on a bike as much as mushy peas were with fish & chips – and yet for us 'young 'uns', they were also things to be feared almost as much as the wrath of a headmaster’s cane. Both had the same reputation when it came to rear-end pain.

Even though Brooks were already somewhat past their leathered glory days by then, they were still held in great repute by elders – maybe even more so by non-cyclists over those who spent hours sitting on them. This 'image' was probably the issue – many of us considered them to be ancient and outdated instruments of torture used by our grandparents, things we’d not be seen dead sitting on, or at least not the classic leather and chromed Brooks saddles. Many Raleigh bikes and other bikes of the 1970s did come with cheap, mass-produced Brooks-branded plastic saddles with padding. 

> Best British bike brands of the ‘70s and ‘80s, featuring Raleigh, Harry Quinn, Carlton + more

Brooks B17 copper saddle - 1

Personally speaking, that stigma stuck with me throughout my cycling life – until a few years back that was when I finally got hold of a Brooks B17, which is a true work of art and far from the 'instrument of torture' cycling myth I was led to believe.

Italian-branded saddles were the go-to for many decades, and largely still are (even if many are now made in Taiwan), and Brooks all but faded into post-punk era extinction.

> Best bike saddles

Thankfully Selle Royal, one of the major Italian saddle brands, saw potential in the classic workmanship of Brooks and came to their financial rescue. By using that famous Italian flare for style, they mixed it up with a timely resurgence in steel and custom bikes and the arrival of bikepacking – and sure enough Brooks once again rose to prominence.

The rise, fall and rebirth of Brooks

Brooks saddle 4 - Steve Thomas

Way back in 1866, a young man named John Boultbee Brooks first set about his trade as a leather goods maker in a suburb of Birmingham. At that time equestrian harnesses, saddles and other equine goods were his speciality, and Mr Brooks would canter to and from his work by horse each day. Until the horse died, that is...

Somewhere around this time the chain driven bicycle was also invented, and a friend loaned Brooks his bike for his daily journey to work. That beastly burden had a harsh wooden saddle, and Brooks vowed to produce a more comfortable perch. In 1882 he filed the first patent for a Brooks bicycle saddle.

Brooks saddles 5 - Steve Thomas

The bike seat business boomed, and the company remained under family ownership until 1958. In 1962, Raleigh – who were major global player at the time – acquired Brooks. Raleigh were already part of the Tube Investments (TI) group, which owned Sturmey-Archer and Reynolds amongst other related bike brands, and it seemed like a match made in cycling heaven – although the whole thing soon turned sour for most concerned, and in 1999 Brooks was sold and forced into liquidation.

In 2002 Selle Royal purchased the company and managed to completely modernise the classic Brooks image, and without much changing with regards to production, which was a win-win scenario. Despite a curious logistical episode related to Britain's exit from the EU in 2021, the brand continues to be very successful in the UK and worldwide with all generations of cyclist. 

Classics in the making

Brooks Factory - hand tooling a Swallow saddle / pic Nick Rearden

These days the Brooks factory in Smethwick is a bustling place, and walking through it is a little like stepping back in time to a golden era where craftsmanship ruled over machines.

Brooks saddles (apart from the Cambium) are all manually produced here by highly skilled workers. Artisans in overalls work away with ageing round-headed hammers, pounding with precision at the final rivets over a last that has seen more saddles pass by than even the oldest member of the Brooks team – that being same nose end rivet that gave us the expression 'on the rivet'.  

Brooks saddle 1 - Steve Thomas

That final tapping secures the deal by fastening the fine grade 5mm-deep leather top to the chrome plated frame of yet another masterpiece. These are saddles that have been made in almost exactly same way for around 150 years.

Leather is what Brooks have always been about, and the top of each saddle comes from the hide of either British or Irish cows, as they’re deemed to be best acclimatised to wet and harsh weather conditions (few of us from the UK or Ireland would argue on that!) hence their leather is supposed to be more durable. Tanning is done in Italy, at one of only two such suitable tanneries in the world.

Brooks England Brooks B17 Saddle

The leather pressing, moulding, and trimming is done by a mixture of presses and hand in the Brooks factory, where they also produce saddlebags and other high quality leather bike accessories.

> Get to know the Brooks England product range

After a first soaking the leather presses form the shape of the saddle top, and they are then oven-dried before being fitted to the frames and hand chaffered. For the saddle frames, rolled steel and titanium is shaped, coiled, sprung, chromed, and is then polished on site to form the saddle frames. Finally, the leather tops are then machine riveted, and then also manually riveted a final time to the saddle frames before the badging is applied to the finished product.

Brooks B17 saddles - colours

Brooks saddles may not be everyone’s perch of choice, and these classic leather and chrome masterpieces are unlikely to be found the pelotons of cycling's Grand Tours – yet they are truly something to behold and appreciate, and not bad to sit on either...

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John Pitcock | 1 year ago

62 years ago my father passed down his bike to me. It had a B17 saddle. That bike was soon scrapped (as a teenager I didn't appreciate the value of a 531 frame and Brooks saddle).
When I restarted cycling and got a new bike I was given a hand-me-down B17. That bike was stolen. I then bought a new B17 to use on its replacement.
I use a cheap lock to secure it to my shopping bike and transfer it, with the seat post, to my best bike when I ride that.
I live in the city of its manufacture and have had a fascinating tour of the factory (it once featured in a report on Discovery Channel's "how it's made").
I find a worn-in leather saddle more comfortable than any saddle that's been fitted to a new bike.

Dhill | 1 year ago

Love Brooks saddles, the conquest was great, best touring saddles you can get.

Ihatepigeons | 1 year ago
1 like

Not sure about that green one...

Miller | 1 year ago

I was never tempted by a B17 back in the day, for the viewpoint given in the article, although considering some of the evil monstrosities I did sit on, maybe I should have been.
Nowadays I have a Cambium on the gravel bike and it's excellent.

marmotte27 | 1 year ago

LL, leather lottery, unfortunately. To avoid that, choose Berthoud or Idéale.

Sriracha | 1 year ago

The whole sorry story of British management incompetence.

brooksby | 1 year ago

Didn't they go through a phase where (IIRC) you couldn't order a saddle directly from them because their distribution centre was in Italy (made in Birmingham, shipped to Italy for packaging and onward distribution) and, you know, Brexit...

Jack Sexty replied to brooksby | 1 year ago

Yep that's reffed in the article. A curious situation indeed!

brooksby replied to Jack Sexty | 1 year ago

Sorry, Jack, I was clearly trying to do too many things at the same time and missed that  3

dreamlx10 | 1 year ago

Are they british or english ?

OnYerBike replied to dreamlx10 | 1 year ago


Brauchsel replied to dreamlx10 | 1 year ago

I'm both, they're not mutually exclusive. 

dreamlx10 replied to Brauchsel | 1 year ago

You can't be both

ktache replied to dreamlx10 | 1 year ago

I'm both. And for a while I was also a European.

brooksby replied to dreamlx10 | 1 year ago
1 like

dreamlx10 wrote:

You can't be both

Why not?

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