All you need to know to ride online in Zwift's 3D virtual world

I’m riding the Richmond, Virginia, Road World Championships course, digging in deep and trying not to let the Italian Brambilla or Brandt of the USA get away. We hit an uphill section and my speed drops but I’m determined to stick with these guys.

Zwift Richmond

Hang on, though! I’ve never actually been to Richmond, still less the World Champs. In fact, I’m just sitting here in the road.cc office, riding a turbo trainer harder than ever before.

This is Zwift and it’s a lot of fun.

Cyclops Super Magento - screen 3

What is Zwift?

Zwift is a way to ride your bike online in a virtual world. And it's booming: often we now see over 8,000 people riding at any one time. Its most compelling feature is the ability to ride with (or against) other people across the world. The app now notifies you of upcoming events, and top riders like legendary German hard man Jens "Shut up legs" Voigt and Tour de France top 10 finisher Laurens ten Dam.

To use Zwift, you put your bike on a turbo trainer, you link your setup to your computer, and you ride online courses – against other people if you like. That’s it in a nutshell. Think of Zwift as an online computer game with your legs controlling your performance.

“Zwift is the first company to use massive multiplayer gaming technology to bring the outdoor cycling experience indoors,” says Zwift – only you can leave the bad weather and dark conditions outside.

“Athletes from around the globe can ride with each other in rich 3D generated worlds simply by connecting their existing devices". And using Zwift is easier than you might think.

Zwift road.cc group ride

What equipment do I need?

Okay, so what do you need to get started?

First, you need a computer (or an iOS device) and an internet connection, and you obviously need your bike and a turbo trainer.

Cyclops Super Magento

You can use any turbo trainer if you have a power meter on your bike. If you don’t have a power meter, you need a speed sensor on your bike.

"The lab is working hard to support as many classic trainers as we can with zPower – our special flavour of virtual power with acceleration,” says Zwift. “All you need is a speed sensor. Based on your speed and the trainer you’ve selected, Zwift will calculate your power output.”

Cyclops Super Magento - resistance unit

Zwift offers zPower for a whole bunch of different turbo trainers. To take the CycleOps range as an example, the Mag (£150), Magneto (£225), Fluid 2 (£285), JetFluid Pro (£325) and SuperMagneto Pro (£335) trainers are all included.

CycleOps Hammer Direct Drive SMART Trainer - set up.jpg

If you have an electronically controlled smart trainer like the CycleOps Hammer pictured above, you can take things to the next level: Zwift can simulate changing conditions like the terrain, wind, and drafting behind other riders.

These smart trainers are more expensive than classic-type trainers: the Hammer is £999, but smart trainers such as the Elite Qubo Digital Smart B+ can be had for less than £300. Other turbo trainers from BKool, Wahoo, CompuTrainer, Technogym and Tacx will do a similar job.

Go to Zwift’s website for a full, up-to-date list of compatible power meters, and smart and conventional turbo trainers.

Other equipment

Zwift on the cheap: what do you need?

If you want to give Zwift a go, but don't want to spend a fortune, here's the least expensive gear we've found to get you started.

As mentioned above, if you’re not using use a power meter or one of the smart trainers, you need to have a  speed sensor attached to your bike – working from the rear wheel, obviously, because your front wheel won’t be moving.

If you haven’t got one already, you can buy a speed sensor for a few pounds.

Some speed sensors also measure cadence (pedal revolutions per minute). If yours doesn’t and you want it, you can add a cadence sensor. You can also add a heart rate monitor if you like.

iOs devices and nearly all computers can talk natively to Bluetooth trainers and sensors. If your trainer or sensors use the ANT+ protocol, then you'll need a USB dongle for your computer.

Garmin’s ANT+ USB dongle is £37. Cheaper alternatives include the £23 Suunto Movestick and the Anself USB stick for just over  a tenner. We've not tested the Movestick, but it's reported to work. We have tested the Anself stick and it works just fine; it's a big sticky-out thing, but if you can live with that it's a bargain. Zwift also recommends a USB extension cable in case you need to get the dongle closer to the transmitters on your bike.

Getting it set up

I got this little lot together:

• CycleOps SuperMagneto trainer
• BePro power meter pedals
• Garmin heart rate monitor
• Garmin USB ANT+ dongle

Cyclops Super Magento - parts

Okay, now what?

First, you need to go to Zwift’s website and sign up. It's a paid-for subscription service that’s non-contract. If you’re in the UK it costs you £13 per month to use Zwift. If you’re based elsewhere it’s US$15.

Zwift 92

Once you’ve joined up you need to download and install the Zwift software on your computer. That’s simple; you just follow the instructions.

Then you launch Zwift on your computer, set up your profile, pair up your ANT+ devices with your computer (Zwift guides you through it), and you’re good to go.

If that all sounds easy, it is. Genuinely, it takes a matter of minutes. I don’t know if I was lucky, but everything worked first time for me.

If you don’t have a power meter and you are relying on a speed sensor and Zwift’s zPower virtual power to provide your on-screen performance, it’s just as simple.

Riding on Zwift

Once that’s done, you’re ready to roll.

Most times when you ride the turbo it’s pretty dull, right? Ride outside on the road and an hour sails by in an instant. Ride on the turbo, on the other hand, and time does something curious. An hour takes about a week. It does for me anyway, even though I always chuck intervals into the mix.

Cyclops Super Magento - screen 2

Zwift is like riding outside in that you get into it really quickly. The second another rider passes you on the screen or gets a bit of a gap, you want to jump on their wheel. Your power shoots up as you try to drag yourself back. You’re determined to drop other users on the climbs or at least not to get dropped yourself, and to bag yourself a good King of the Mountains time on one of the segments. Then, once you have your King of the Mountains time, you want to beat it.

Zwift screen  - 1

Everyone says this when they ride Zwift. They get drawn into riding with other people so that turbo training isn’t just bearable, it’s fun.

Okay, it’s not exactly like going out on the club ride or tearing it up on the road with a bunch of mates, but you can wave at other riders, give an elbow flick when you want someone else to come through and do the work at the front, send real-time encouragement with audio clips, and communicate with the pack via group messages. You can also choose to see what’s going on from four different points of view. It really is immersive and a million miles from just sitting on the turbo and banging out the intervals on your own.

Zwift 91

There’s plenty to explore in the Zwift universe, like workouts that offer lots of choice depending on how much time you have, FTP tests, customisation, and 12 week training plans. The pre-programmed workouts are designed to be social and inspiring, so that Zwift becomes a vital part of your training.

There's also a companion app for iOS and Android, called Zwift Mobile Link. This acts as an on-bike dashboard for Zwift sessions and also lets you see when friends are on line so you can join them for a virtual ride.

For more information go to www.zwift.com.

Mat has in cycling media since 1996, on titles including BikeRadar, Total Bike, Total Mountain Bike, What Mountain Bike and Mountain Biking UK, and he has been editor of 220 Triathlon and Cycling Plus. Mat has been road.cc technical editor for over a decade, testing bikes, fettling the latest kit, and trying out the most up-to-the-minute clothing. We send him off around the world to get all the news from launches and shows too. He has won his category in Ironman UK 70.3 and finished on the podium in both marathons he has run. Mat is a Cambridge graduate who did a post-grad in magazine journalism, and he is a winner of the Cycling Media Award for Specialist Online Writer. Now pushing 50, he's riding road and gravel bikes most days for fun and fitness rather than training for competitions.


McVittees [85 posts] 1 year ago

I must admit Zwift has created a bit of a conflict for me.  TrainerRoad was (is) my go to app for structured training but zwift is a much more engrossing experience, especially when it comes to doing races for some Z4+ training and when you consdier the growing social features. 

In a perfect world I'd do the TrainerRoad plans in Zwift, but I don't think Chad & Nate would be happy with riders using their workouts elsewhere (although you could argue that using a TR workout in Zwift is like using it on the road - i.e. as long as you're paying the subscription fees do what you want).

For now I'm probably going to jump between the two which means it'll be next Easter before I see level 10 and the Jungle!

PRSboy [566 posts] 1 year ago

I hear you...

The big advantage (for me at least, with no wi-fi in my pain cave) of TrainerRoad is that it can work offline.

Coach Chad's training programmes and sessions are most excellent too.  I actually like the single minded focus of TR workouts, watching the various lines on screen, keeping your pedal stroke and power smooth and on target, as a contrast to the more free-form fun of an outdoor ride.  I wonder if the novelty of the Zwift platform would wear off.

Room for both in my view... in the scheme of cycling expenditure they are both good value.

Yorkshire wallet [2428 posts] 1 year ago

I can't believe anyone would pay £30+ for an ANT+  USB stick. My sub-£10 one has worked with Tacx and Bkool.

ianguignet [37 posts] 1 year ago

or just take your bike outside and ride it instead... total shite

fukawitribe [2897 posts] 1 year ago
ianguignet wrote:

or just take your bike outside and ride it instead... total shite

Jeffmcguinness [44 posts] 1 year ago
ianguignet wrote:

or just take your bike outside and ride it instead... 

If you stop looking at the world through your own narcissistic lens for a second then you could perhaps see how Zwift is useful for other people and therefore avoid the "just ride your bike outside" drivel as if that suits everybody just because it suits you. 

For instance, if you are looking after your kids on your own in the evenings you can't up and leave them but you can use a turbo.  

PRSboy [566 posts] 1 year ago
ianguignet wrote:

or just take your bike outside and ride it instead... total shite


Wot is this 'riding outside' of which you speak?

Sounds dangerous.

Stealth78 [9 posts] 1 year ago
ianguignet wrote:

or just take your bike outside and ride it instead... total shite

All good when you have the climate to do so, riding @ -20 degrees + wind chill factor isn't my idea of fun...hence the need for a trainer and possibly zwift   3

CXR94Di2 [2737 posts] 1 year ago

My mate uses TR within Zwift, he finds it useful to keep concentration. He uses Neo as the power source for trainer road.

MNgraveur [108 posts] 11 months ago

I like the "purity" of Trainer Road. Nothing to get between you and matching those little lines. Sufferfest is good too, although some of their older videos don't play well with ERG mode. I have been enjoying FulGaz for my less structured days- it's pretty cool to "ride" up Ventoux etc. Zwift seems a little to videogame-ish for me. Or maybe I'm just too old.

OnTheRopes [225 posts] 11 months ago

I like Zwift, I only use it when the dark nights arrive and I don't fancy going out in the dark in horizontal rain, or when it is icy or just awful outside.

I work away and try and pick my accommodation that has room for a turbo, like tonight who wants to train in the dark on roads you don't know with hidden potholes and rush hour drivers.

Zwift is a distraction from the tedium of a turbo and it works for me.

James Walker [19 posts] 11 months ago

"I like Zwift, I only use it when the dark nights arrive and I don't fancy going out in the dark in horizontal rain, or when it is icy or just awful outside."

It wouldn't surprise me is Zwift offers this experience in a few years time -night-time rides with horizontal rain provided by your attached torbo-charged garden sprinkler.

Team EPO [219 posts] 11 months ago

Big fan of Zwift just don't forget to set up a fan as it will get hot hot hot in the garage with no headwind to cool you down, apparently excess heat also lifts your heart rate.

Plasterer's Radio [552 posts] 11 months ago
1 like

My advice after a year of using it:

1. Big fan for cooling.

2. McEnroe style headbands for sweat management

3. If you don't have a good enough PC/Mac/Ipad...get Apple TV 4K. Loading up is very fast, it's affordable and easy.

4. Buy the best Smart trainer you can afford. Buy right, buy once.

5. Try before you slag it off. It's excellent. I hated basic turbo stuff but Zwift is a different animal altogether.

theespressoguy [4 posts] 3 weeks ago

Thank you for discussing Zwift. I have had many discussions to little avail re: Zwift and my 2015 JetBlack WhisperDrive (Non Smart Direct).

The rear wheel is not used as it has a cluster on the trainer so no speed sensor is available.

I have had a good look on the Zwift site but am unsure what the next steps are? I have seen a retro-fit device but I do not know anyone who has used it so am unsure if it is suitable.

If anyone has any advice I am willing to take it on board.

Thank in advance.




theespressoguy [4 posts] 3 weeks ago

This is a previous discussion on thw Zwift forums..