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Fancy a frame to your exact specification? These builders can deliver

Not all that long ago, most high quality road bikes were custom built to order by your local frame builder. Times have changed and today most are produced on a mass scale in the Far East where advances in manufacturing and production processes have seen all types of road bikes become both more affordable and more technologically advanced than ever before.

That doesn't mean that people don't want custom produced handbuilt bikes any more. Far from it. In recent years there has been a dramatic resurgence in the number of custom builders in the UK and other countries, and while most still work in steel there are also artisan builders working in titanium, aluminium, and carbon too. We're going to look at some of the best working today.

Bespoked 2013 sneak peeak - Sven road bike seat tube lug

There's no denying that most production road bikes sold these days are are well designed, well made and competitively priced and specced. That's why your local bike shop doesn't build its own frames any more, but there's still a place for the custom builder. If you've got particular needs in terms of sizing or geometry that aren't met by the mass market then custom is the way to go and, of course, it's also the option for those that want to stand out from the mass produced crowd.

Most of us don't need a custom built bike. A properly set-up off-the-peg machine can be made to fit very well. Of course, 'need' is only a very small part of the equation when it comes to justifying having a bike made just for you.

TBA day 3 - brian's go

Despite the decline of the bike shop frame builder, there are still a healthy number of frame builders, old and young, making frames, by hand and to order, in the traditional way. Some of the established names like Brian Rourke have been working for decades. In the last five years there's been a noticeable increase of younger framebuilders picking up the welding torch and reviving the nearly lost art of frame building. If shows like Bespoked Bristol and the North American Handmade Bicycle Show are anything to go by, demand for their work is increasing.

A custom handbuilt frame is a thing of personalised beauty: built to order and to your exact specifications, and made one at a time. Whatever the material, It’s usually a slow process, with the meticulous work meaning that some framebuilders produce just a couple of dozen frames a year. You have a dialogue with the frame builder from conception to completion, and you might have a say in every minute detail. If all goes well, through their experience you can have a frame so purely personal to you that it's your perfect bike.

Kajak hardcourt bike polo frame brazing.jpg

Back in the 80s, when custom handbuilt frames were common for racing cyclists, steel was the material of choice. The advent of mass production saw aluminium become the dominant material, because it's easier to mass-produce a light frame from aluminium. Carbon fibre and titanium, however, don't lend themselves to such mass production techniques and even frames that are produced in high numbers are to a large degree handbuilt. The making of a carbon frame has not yet been fully automated. The individual layers still need to be laid by hand into the mould and the way that is done will have a significant effect on how the finished bike rides.

There's no doubt that steel is still the material of choice of most custom frame builders - although there's plenty of variation in the ways that they stick it together to make a bike: lugged, TIG welded or fillet brazed. Some of the bigger builders offer both standard build and custom frames - that goes for carbon-fibre frames too from the likes of Parlee and Legend. So in a way there's handbuilt on a huge scale and handbuilt on a personal scale. They both have their merits.

So if you’re craving a handmade frame with that custom touch, just what are your options? We’ve rounded up a small handful to give you an indication of the current choice, including specialists in both steel and carbon fibre.

This isn't intended to be a comprehensive list; if you have a favourite custom builder who's not mentioned, tell us about them in the comments.

Reilly Cycleworks

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Former Enigma man Mark Reilly gives this relatively new company its name, but he's not alone. Carbon specialist Neil FitzGerald looks after the firm's composite creations while graphic and product designer Damon Fisher makes sure they look good. Reilly makes frames in a wide variety of steel alloys, as well as titanium and carbon fibre.

Read our review of the Reilly Gradient gravel/adventure bike

Sarto Antonio

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Usually just referred to as Sarto, this Italian father-and-son outfit is run by Antonio and Enrico Sarto and has been making custom frames since 1950. They've become prominent in recent years as a specialist in very light, very expensive carbon fibre frames, and they also make frames for other manufacturers. Sarto specialises in tube-to-tube manufacturing, allowing virtually unlimited customisation.

Read our review of the Sarto Asola
Read our review of the Sarto Seta

Saffron Frameworks

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Saffron Frameworks was founded in 2009 by Matthew Sowter. Like many of the new-generation custom buildersframebuilders, he solely works with steel. Sowter has won various awards over the years, testament to the quality of his workmanship. As a result of his growing reputation and the popularity for going custom, there's a long waiting list to get a Saffron frame.

Read our review of a Saffron Frameworks custom 

Stoemper Bikes

Stoemper Darrell

The motto of this Portland, Oregon cyclo-cross and road specialist is "Designed to be raced the shit out of", which is admirably to the point, if a bit clunky. There's nothing clunky about their clean, tidy aluminium and steel bikes, though.

Read our reviw of the Stoemper Darrell Disc
Read our review of the Stoemper Taylor

Hersh

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​It sounds like someone's name, but this Italian outfit's brand actually stands for High Energy Race Sport History. They started in 2009 with a bike shop in Riva Del Garda and now offer a range of custom carbon road bikes, using tube-to-tube construction to allow fine-tuning of the geometry.

Read our review of the Hersh Trinity

Demon Frameworks

Demon Frameworks Manhattan - full bike

Demon Frameworks is one of the the UK’s youngest frame builders, starting up just four years ago. Set up by Tom Warmerdam in Southampton, the brand is among the new wave of young British builders. Pictured is the Manhattan, one of his signature frames. The lugs, dropouts and fork crown are all lovingly handcrafted. Demon's work has been recognised with awards, including the 'Best Road' prize at the North American Handbuilt Bike Show this year. 

Swallow Handmade Frames

Well known in the 1980s and '90s in the UK for their innovative frames and specialist components for tandems and mountain bikes, Peter Bird and Robert Wade are hand-making frames again after a 12 year break. Back in the day, they were the world's youngest Reynolds 753-approved frame builders. 

Hartley Cycles

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From her workshop in London, Caren Hartley has forged a formidable reputation as one the UK's most meticulous builders. A former sculptor and jeweller, she turned her  skills and attention to detail to bicycles after becoming disenchanted with the art scene; that world's loss in cycling's gain.

Enigma Cycles

Well established as one of the finest producers of titanium frames (and a few steel ones) in the UK, Engima are passionate about craftsmanship and have been actively trying to bring back the nearly lost art of frame building. Alongside a nice range of production steel and titanium frames, Enigma can produce handbuilt titanium and steel frames at their East Sussex facility.

Feather Cycles

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Another of the new wave of young British framebuilders reviving the tradition of handbuilt frames is BMXer turned framebuilder Ricky Feather. He launched Feather Cycles a few years ago in North Yorkshire. From there has been building exquisite head turning frames with beautiful hand carved lugs. He's self taught and currently builds around 25 frames a year, and is in demand. He's co-author of new book called Made in England, a lavish celebration of British framebuilders. 

Shand

Based in Livingston, Scotland, Shand have been handbuilding frames since 2003. They have launched several interesting bikes since then, including a disc-equipped cyclocross model. They specialise in handbuilt steel frames but now also offer a couple of production frames, with several sizes available. 

Beaumont Bicycle

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Liz Colebrook started, as so many framebuilders do, as a mechanic before picking up a brazing torch and setting up Beaumont Bicycle at the beginning of 2016. But she has also worked as an occupational therapist and has a special interest in keeping people cycling whose ability has been affected by a reduced range of movement.

As well as classic diamond frames, Colebrook crafts beautifully-made and thought-out step-through frames like the one above, which won a prize in the 'Outstanding Design' category at the 2016 Bespoked handbuilt bicycle show in Bristol.

Burls

Burls is the work of Justin Burls, a self taught framebuilder with a background in engineering. He's not immune to a custom challenge and has built some interesting bikes in his time, including a tandem. He'll custom handbuild a steel frame from his Harwich base. He also offers bespoke titanium frames which are made in Russia. 

Brian Rourke

Brian has been building frames in Stoke-on-Trent since 1972 and has been a popular choice with racing cyclists over the years. Rourke bikes have been ridden to success in national and world cycling events. Perhaps most famously, Nicole Cooke rode a Rourke frame in the world junior road race championships in 2000. Rourke builds in steel and usually fillet brazes or TIG welds his frames. The wraparound seatstay design is a signature design element. 

Breadwinner Cycles

I first met Ira Ryan of Breadwinner Cycles on the inaugural Cent Cols Challenge, and discovered an intensely passionate and driven individual. He was incredibly strong on the bike too. He has been making frames from his Portland, Oregon base for several years. Since he started in 2005, Ira has focused on bicycles as a tool for discovery with an emphasis on durability, and many of his builds are sturdy yet light touring bikes. The Randoneer is a classic built for long distance rides. 

Breadwinner is his partnership with another Oregon builder, Tony Pereira, who is also dedicated to making wonderful but practical bikes, and who lectures at the United Bicycle Institute, an Oregon framebuilding and mechanic's school.

Independent Fabrication

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Independent Fabrication BIkes started life in 1995 from the remnants of mountain bike company Fat City Cycles. It’s a small company staffed by passionate people and they produce some of the nicest frames you’ll ever set eyes on. Their paint finishes are some of the neatest around. Models like the Crown Jewel, Club Racer, SSR, Corvid, Planet Cross, XS, and most recently the Ti Factory Lightweight, have become modern day classics lusted after by cyclists in the know. They work with carbon fibre, titanium, steel, stainless steel, and in some cases a mix of several materials.

Parlee

Parlee Z Zero.jpg

Bob Parlee started making carbon fibre frames over a decade ago and the brand has since become one of the most desirable out there. Parlee only deal in carbon and they're at the forefront of carbon frame design. With an eye to the future, their new Z-Zero is being offered with disc brakes. 

Crumpton

Nick Crumpton runs his frame building business from Austin, Texas. He specialises in carbon fibre and he doesn’t build many frames a year: about 40 or so. Every measurement, every angle, every tube, is tailored towards the needs of each customer. The build process involves precision cutting of the tubes, bonding them together and wrapping the joints with strips of carbon, all by hand. It’s a labour intensive process. 

Legend

Legend HT7.5 - full bike

Legend handbuild their range of carbon, titanium and steel from their Italian factory and offer a full range of custom options. You can choose the geometry, the tube specifications and the paint colour. While the Legend brand hasn't been around for long, there’s a lot of expertise behind the bikes, and they’re clearly passionate about building frames by hand. 

David has worked on the road.cc tech team since July 2012. Previously he was editor of Bikemagic.com and before that staff writer at RCUK. He's a seasoned cyclist of all disciplines, from road to mountain biking, touring to cyclo-cross, he only wishes he had time to ride them all. He's mildly competitive, though he'll never admit it, and is a frequent road racer but is too lazy to do really well. He currently resides in the Cotswolds.

24 comments

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Jharrison5 [143 posts] 2 years ago
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I like the idea of something bespoke (pun totally intended) built. I read Rob Penn's fun crusade to create personalised perfection a few years ago and performed a Google exercise of my own to try to find out about it, potentially for a tandem. I've never followed through on the idea but may do one day.

There's a slightly longer list of UK frame builders here: http://www.framebuilding.com/custom_uk_bicycle_framebuilders.htm

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Bradfasta [7 posts] 2 years ago
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Seriously, "There are very few Italian frame builders around these days " - what can you mean?  Passoni, Tommasini, Casati, Sarto, Univer, Formigli, Faggin, Nevi, Pegoretti are just a few names I came up with easily.

As someone said on another Road.cc review of bikes "It's a very populist list, and it's criminal that Formigli and Pegoretti aren't on it. People at Road really should know better."

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Gus T [337 posts] 1 year ago
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Can anyone rmember the name of the Leeds based steel /ti frame manufactuer who was based on the inner ring road/Great Wilson Street area and are they still going?

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davel [2674 posts] 1 year ago
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@GusT: I'm thinking Ellis Briggs, Bob Jackson and Woodrup of the oldies that are still going. They all had roots in inner-ish Leeds but I can't think of any being round Great Wilson St (I lived round there for a few years, but only about 10 years ago).

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simonmb [671 posts] 1 year ago
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Dave Yates? One thing about lists is someone always gets left off. Another thing about lists is there's always some smartass who takes delight in pointing it out.

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pudseypedaller [4 posts] 10 months ago
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Gus T wrote:

Can anyone rmember the name of the Leeds based steel /ti frame manufactuer who was based on the inner ring road/Great Wilson Street area and are they still going?

Aurelius?

https://www.aureliuscycles.com/

Still around, but have moved to Gargrave.

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thejimmerman [2 posts] 10 months ago
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Sarto make Hersh bikes

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PRSboy [344 posts] 10 months ago
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No mention of Filament bikes?  Small UK builder, bikes look great... check out the tandems!

https://www.filamentbikes.com/bikes

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davenportmb [76 posts] 10 months ago
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Shout out to Tom Sturdy at sturdycycles.com!

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clayfit [124 posts] 10 months ago
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I have a Crema Schotter steel-framed gravel bike, first seen at Eurobike 2015.  It's a great one-bike-to-do-it all and is also innovative- through axles, flat mount brakes, oversized tubes, curves for heel clearance.  And the brazings are as smooth as a baby's bottom.

Crema (Ken Bloomer) has some nice frames including the Doma, the lightest steel frame tested by Tour Magazine in Germany, at 1600g.  Worth a look if you're in the marker for bespoke steel.

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mingmong [315 posts] 10 months ago
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All filth heart

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LarryDavidJr [392 posts] 9 months ago
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matthewn5 [1234 posts] 9 months ago
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Bradfasta wrote:

Seriously, "There are very few Italian frame builders around these days " - what can you mean?  Passoni, Tommasini, Casati, Sarto, Univer, Formigli, Faggin, Nevi, Pegoretti are just a few names I came up with easily.

As someone said on another Road.cc review of bikes "It's a very populist list, and it's criminal that Formigli and Pegoretti aren't on it. People at Road really should know better."

Indeed so! Irio Tommasini is still in business, still designing frames, still coming to work every day. Taught by the great Giuseppe Pelà back in the 1940s. An absolute legend.

And even Colnago will build you a custom C60 frame if you want. In Italy.

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jnthnwd [5 posts] 4 months ago
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alotronic [580 posts] 4 months ago
2 likes

Not to forget that several UK makers send to Italy for build - and good ones like Condor...

Here's my list of current custom UK makers (might have a few wrong, edited down from a longer list of all UK brands and makers)

Bob Jackson, Brevet Bicycles,  Burls,  Chicken, Condor, Dear Susan, Demon Frameworks, Donard, Donhou, Ellis Briggs, Enigma, Feather, Field cycles, Filament, Hallett, Hamilton, Hartley, Hewitt, Hinde, Invicta, Ironbridge, Laverjack, Lee Cooper, LD Framework, Longstaff, Mercredi, Mercian, Phoenix, Pilgrims, Pretorious, Quirk cycles, Racer Rosa, Rakshasa,Rielley, Rusby, Sabbath, Saffron, Shand, Stanforth, Stayer, Stebles, Sven, Swallow, Ted James, Temple, Titmarsh (Toad), Vernon Barker, Varonha, Wilson, Woodrup, Yates.

If you've never seen a Dear Susan frame you can't call yourself a bike nut  3

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cyclisto [409 posts] 2 months ago
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I believe that the existence of so many custom bicycle builders is not only a sign of human vanity driven by the desire of something unique.

It is more a sign that huge bicycle manufacturers don't really listen to cyclist's real needs and just try to copy first a small manufacturer's design and then market it as their own innovation.

Big brand guys, we need more bikes based on commuters needs not guys on bib shorts,:EPO and steroids, you will make money and we will get happier.

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BehindTheBikesheds [2502 posts] 2 months ago
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i just missed getting a Roberts 953 custom audax type frameset by a few minutes a couple of weeks ago, one of the last and in absolutely mint condition. Went for £475  on a BIN on fleabay, I could cry as would have preferred this over the Sabbath September I just bought

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alotronic [580 posts] 2 months ago
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I have a long list of UK makers and brands I keep on a spreadsheet as a source for another project that I try to keep up to date. I *think* I have 95% of UK current makers and brands on there... Often I just have the name, but it's a start.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1-csZNpD16DMTwhtcT0IcQKYbsfc-oKOG...

There are plenty of options in the UK for a design and build. There are also a large number who design in UK and use Italy for builds (Condor, Mason, Racer Rosa to start with).

A

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BehindTheBikesheds [2502 posts] 2 months ago
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Have you seen this list? https://www.lfgss.com/conversations/133119/

There are also a few frmebuilders who are shocking at keeping promises timescale wise, there's one well known UK builder (a one man band) who had been fobbing off a customer for best part of two years from large deposit https://forum.cyclinguk.org/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=120959.

It isn't always a stress free and fulfilling experience and for me the only handbuilt fame that I own and know who put it together is my Raleigh Ti tanium. 

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sea_biscuit [31 posts] 2 months ago
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i'd also add Lapsley Frameworks. True artisan, bespoke all those things if you want a beautiful steel frame. Has won at Bespoke Britain.

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alotronic [580 posts] 2 months ago
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BehindTheBikesheds wrote:

Have you seen this list? https://www.lfgss.com/conversations/133119/

I had seen that list a few years ago, there are some new names there to put on mine, thanks.

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offtheback [3 posts] 2 months ago
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There are even Italian Framemakers in the UK - check out the Lombardi frames at Racer Roser. Steel. Titanium. Aluminium.  Carbon.  And they do restorations of whatever you have (like my old Dawes Milk Race)   http://www.racerrosabicycles.co.uk/

C

 

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offtheback [3 posts] 2 months ago
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There are even Italian Framemakers in the UK - check out the Lombardi frames at Racer Roser. Steel. Titanium. Aluminium.  Carbon.  And they do restorations of whatever you have (like my old Dawes Milk Race)   http://www.racerrosabicycles.co.uk/

C

 

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Cyclewalkbob [2 posts] 2 months ago
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Agh, I really lament the loss of  Roberts Cycles.

 My wife and I bought the custom made to measure built  Audax special in the female and male versions nearly 18 years ago and they are still like new despite credit card touring  all over Europe, but now regrettably  just used on  day Rides!

Brilliant bikes and brilliant service, a sad loss to the frame building business!