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Six essential tools for cyclists who do their own bike maintenance

Prefer keeping your bike in check all by yourself? Here's our guide to the six most important tools for home bike maintenance

If there’s an area where the adage ‘buy quality, buy once’ applies, it’s bike tools. Good tools work better, last longer and are less likely to damage the parts you’re working on. Think of them as an investment, not a cost.

> Beginner's guide to bike tools 

allen keys unior vid screenshot.PNG

A fully-functioning bike that is set up correctly is key to getting the most out of it, and making your ride even more enjoyable whether you're a seasoned racer, commuter or casual pootler.

> 11 of the best multi-tools

If you're just getting into home bike mechanics, the huge variety of tools out there can be pretty daunting; so we've put together six must-haves that anyone would benefit from having in their tool kit. You might need to learn some new skills, but thanks to the internet and a huge number of useful how-to guides out there, it's never been easier. So without further ado, let's get started with our list... 

Allen key set

unior allen key set

Ok so this is technically more than one tool, but we can probably collectively agree that a decent set of Allen keys is one of, if not the most essential thing in your tool kit! 4mm and 5mm sizes are the most common, but if you're buying a set we'd recommend getting one that has sizes down to at least 2mm. 

If you have a garage or large workshop space, then T handle-type keys come highly recommended and give you plenty of grip; but if you're tight for space or want to buy a full set all at once, a quality set of standard Allen keys like the one above should be fine. Quality is key, as you don't want to be rounding off bolts on important parts of your bike that will need regular tightening. 

Tyre levers 

unior tyre levers

Unless you have extremely robust thumbs, a set of tyre levers will probably be needed for every tyre change you make; particularly with tubeless tyres - renowned for being tougher to fit than standard clinchers more often than not - now getting more and more popular. 

> 8 of the best tyre levers

We wouldn't usually recommend metal levers, as they can damage your rims. Plastic is often the way to go, and as they're inexpensive it's worth getting a few sets to decide which type you like best, and also so you always have some when you need them; a set for the workshop and one for your saddle bag/jersey pockets as a minimum. 

Cable cutters

unior cable cutters

Unless you're lucky enough to own a bike with electronic shifting, then keeping the inner and outer gear cables fresh is the best way to keep your bike changing gears the way it should. It might seem like a daunting task at first, but after a few goes and working out your bike's cable routing quirks, it can be done without too much faff. 

A quality set will have a sharp cutting blade, and be capable of cutting through inner and outer cables, plus brake cables and hoses. Sometimes cable cutters will have a few extras, such as a cable crimping function, or a tool for opening up the holes in your hoses. 

Torque wrench 

unior torque wrench

Torque wrenches aren't cheap, but when you consider the consequences of not tightening your bolts correctly, it pays for itself. Overtighten a seat clamp, and in the worst cases it's possible to seriously damage a carbon frame. 

> 9 of the best torque wrenches

There are numerous different types of torque wrench, and the most expensive ones will have digital displays that bleep when you're at the desired torque. We recommend getting one with a range of about 2-10Nm to cover the vast majority of bolts on you bike.  

Master link pliers (and chain tool)

unior master link pliers

So this is cheating a bit because it's two tools, but both are needed to do the job of removing and attaching your chain. Most chains nowadays have a 'quick link' for more easily linking your chain up and removing it; however it's still wise to invest in a specific set of master link pliers for getting it out rather than bodging it. With a master link tool like the one above, you can quickly and easily get the link off without using your hands, which might be quite difficult if your chain is muddy. 

unior chain tool 2.PNG

A good chain tool is also essential for getting the length right when installing a new chain. You will sometimes find chain tools on multi-tools, but a bigger and better specific one is always recommended for comfort and ease of use. 

Chain whip and freehub tool 

chain whip tool

Ok, so really this is a round-up of at least eight essential tools... but there isn't really any situations where you'd use a chain whip without a cassette tool, so the two go hand in hand. To keep the cassette steady when you're removing it, you'll need a chain whip - or a handy modern equivalent like the cassette wrench pictured above - to hold it in place while the cassette tool is doing the loosening. They will often be made to fit a variety of different chains, and the one above is compatible with 12-speed on one side and 11-speed on the other. 

lockring tool

You can buy a cassette wrench separately from the lockring tool (a good idea if you need multiple different types between bikes) or an all-in-one like the example above. On compatible wheels it can often be used to undo disc brake rotors, and invariably they will have a central guide pin; although this isn't essential. 

Invest in all of these tools, and you'll be able to complete a whole host of bike maintenance tasks and in the long run, probably save yourself a bob or two. 

Thanks to our friends at Unior for kitting out the tool shed

Arriving at in 2017 via 220 Triathlon Magazine, Jack dipped his toe in most jobs on the site and over at eBikeTips before being named the new editor of in 2020, much to his surprise. His cycling life began during his students days, when he cobbled together a few hundred quid off the back of a hard winter selling hats (long story) and bought his first road bike - a Trek 1.1 that was quickly relegated to winter steed, before it was sadly pinched a few years later. Creatively replacing it with a Trek 1.2, Jack mostly rides this bike around local cycle paths nowadays, but when he wants to get the racer out and be competitive his preferred events are time trials, sportives, triathlons and pogo sticking - the latter being another long story.  

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Woldsman | 2 years ago

I realise that no-one is allowed to offer listicles of precisely 10 of anything these days, but in this case I can't get my essentials down to six without cheating either.  So, FWIW here's my distilled list...

  • Tyre levers
  • JIS screwdriver if like me you have elderly Shimano (or SRAM) derailleurs
  • Decent chain tool - doing away with the need for chain link pliers if you use the supplied Shimano/Campag pin with your chain
  • 1/4" drive torque wrench/swivel head ratchet/hex bit socket drive set
  • Cassette removal tool & chain whip
  • Pliers: wire rope cutters for linear strand (gear) outer cables; diagonal cutters for spiral bound (brake) outer cables.

Re cable cutters, I would regard them as less essential than, say, an external bottom bracket removal tool as I tend to replace external bottom brackets more often than recabling any of my bikes.  

Kesa replied to Woldsman | 2 years ago
1 like

A pump would be handy. Also a toolbox  1

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