[This article was last updated on January 8, 2018]
If you’re choosing between Shimano Tiagra and Shimano 105 – either fitted to a complete bike or as an upgrade on an existing bike – here’s everything you need to know to make the right decision.
A groupset is a component manufacturer’s collection of mechanical parts, usually covering the derailleurs, shifters, brakes, chainset, bottom bracket, cassette and chain. Brands group these parts into various different levels.
Shimano offers six road groupsets. Starting at the top these are:
Plus, Dura-Ace and Ultegra are available with Di2 electronic shifting, and Dura-Ace, Ultegra and 105 are also available with hydraulic disc brakes, and Shimano offers both hydraulic and cable discs for Tiagra
A complete Shimano Tiagra groupset (chainset, shifters, derailleurs, chain, cassette, brakes, bottom bracket) starts at £502.91 while a Shimano 105 groupset starts at £662.91. That’s a difference of £160.
However, both groupsets are widely available heavily discounted. You can pick up a Tiagra group for about £300, and 105 for as little as £330, though cheap deals like that usually don't offer the full range of chainring, cassette and crank length options.
The biggest difference between the groupsets is that 105 – which is the most popular groupset in the world, according to Shimano – is 11-speed (there are 11 sprockets on the cassette) whereas Tiagra is 10-speed.
Tiagra is offered with both a double chainset (there are two chainrings) and a triple chainset (there are three chainrings) whereas 105 comes as a double only.
Although 105 is more expensive, most of the same technology features on Tiagra, and they work in exactly the same way. Tiagra components are a little heavier. As ever, you pay more for lighter weight.
Dual control levers
The main difference between the dual control levers is that Tiagra (below) is a 10-speed system and 105 is 11-speed.
In both cases the bracket is made from GFRP (glass-fibre reinforced plastic), the main lever is aluminium, and you get screw-operated reach adjustment to bring the levers closer to the handlebar for smaller hands.
When we reviewed the Shimano 105 groupset we praised the shift action of the dual control levers (below).
“The new shift action is the same as that found on Shimano’s top two groupsets (Dura-Ace and Ultegra) and is so light and precise it doesn't feel that far removed from [electronic] Di2 shifting at times, thanks mostly to the much shorter throw at the lever,” we said.
“Each shift is much quicker than previously and the resulting positive click as the gear is selected makes it feel more like a button touch than a lever. The new polymer coated cables are responsible for part of this as are the redesigned front and rear derailleurs.”
The latest version of Tiagra has cables that are routed underneath the handlebar tape like the higher level Shimano groupsets.
When we reviewed Tiagra we said, “Shift feel is perhaps a little heavier than Dura-Ace or Ultegra, but that's an unfair criticism given the huge price difference.”
Unlike 105, Tiagra is available with a triple chainset (with three chainrings rather than two, see below). If you want to go down that route you’ll need to buy the compatible dual control levers.
Dual pivot brakes
|Tiagra||360g (pair)||£58.98 (pair)||£35.49 (pair)|
|105||388g (pair)||£94.98 (pair)||£49.99 (pair)|
One of the biggest differences between 105 and Tiagra is the braking performance.
Shimano calls its latest calliper design SLR-EV Dual Pivot and this is now found on 105 (above), Ultegra and Dura-Ace. The new symmetrical twin pivot design equalises the braking forces through each arm for better control and power.
Slowing rather than stopping can be achieved with just a couple of fingers applying pressure to the lever and it's easy to avoid locking a wheel. The brake pad compound feels a little more grippy than the previous version in both wet and dry conditions.
The latest Tiagra brakes (above) do provide more stopping ability than before but they aren’t a patch on 105. The brakes will certainly stop you in a hurry, they're just lacking in feel and feedback through the levers.
The one-piece brake blocks also exhibit some flex, and changing them isn't as simple as swapping a brake pad in more expensive cartridge brakes such as those found on 105 and Ultegra.
Both 105 and Tiagra will accept tyres up to 28mm.
105 is also available in a direct mount option (you need to have a compatible frame and fork) where the brake arms bolt straight on to the frame/fork rather than via a central bolt. There is no Tiagra direct mount option.
The main difference between the Tiagra and 105 hydraulic brake systems is that the 105 STI units are 11-speed, while the Tiagra are 10-speed. They're otherwise functionally and ergonomically very similar.
We really liked the stopping power of Shimano's 105 disc brakes when they were introduced in early 2016, though we weren't as impressed with the shifting. But if you want to improve the stopping power of a bike currently equipped with mechanical discs they're an upgrade that makes lots of sense.
We've also been impressed with the Tiagra hydraulic discs. They were fitted to the Genesis Datum 10 that Mike Stead tested in mid-2017, and he commented: "I'm rapidly coming to the conclusion that Shimano can do no wrong brake-wise, the performance being consistently excellent across all specs from base model non-series to Dura-Ace. Stopping power is enhanced by the use of a 160mm rotor up front, meaning there's never any need for more than two fingers on the levers, even with hands on the hoods let alone in the drops." The Tiagra brakes specifically boosted the Datum 10's performance downhill: "the wide tyres and hydraulic brakes give you the confidence to bomb rough-tarmac descents without fear."
Quirks of Shimano's pricing structure mean that you can buy an entire groupset for not much more than the cost of a set of disc brakes. For example, a disc-brake Tiagra group can be had for £360, and a disc-brake 105 set for £390. If you had a bike with 1-speed Tiagra and mechanical discs, it's hard to see why you wouldn't go straight to the full 105 group, rather than just upgrading the brakes.
|Tiagra||910g (50-34 tooth)||£109.99||£71.99|
|105||725g (50-34 tooth)||£154.99||£90.99|
Shimano Tiagra (below) and 105 each feature chainsets with aluminium crank arms and a steel axle. They both use a four-arm spider with uneven spacing between those arms, the idea being to provide strength and stiffness where it’s needed while keeping the weight low.
The outer ring in both cases is aluminium/GFRP. Again, the design is intended to provide stiffness.
Both 105 and Tiagra are available in 165mm, 170mm, 172.5mm and 175mm crank lengths.
Chainring options are slightly different. With 105 you can decide between 53-39, 52-36 and 50-34 tooth setups but Tiagra lacks the traditional, racing-orientated 53-39 option.
On the other hand, Tiagra is available in a triple chainset configuration: 50-39-30. You’ll need to buy other groupset components that are compatible with it, of course.
All 105 (below) and Tiagra chainsets use the same bolt circle diameter (BCD, 110mm) so it’s easy to swap from one size of chainring to another.
When we reviewed Shimano 105 we said, “Shimano chainsets have always been renowned for their stiffness and this version is no different. In fact the chainrings have been reinforced to make it stiffer than the chainset it replaces. Regardless of how much power you put through the cranks there is no detectable flex there whatsoever.”
As commenters have pointed out, the 105 chainset is significantly lighter than the Tiagra, but is reported to work fine in an otherwise Tiagra set up, so if you have a Tiagra bike, a 105 is a worthwhile upgrade.
|Tiagra||106g||£34.99 (band on)||£22.99|
|105||104g||£32.99 (band on)||£26.49|
The 105 (below) and Tiagra front derailleurs are made from the same materials – aluminium with a chrome plated stainless steel chain guide – and each comes in braze on and band on varieties to suit different frames
The differences are that the 105 front derailleur is suitable for 11-speed use and a large chainring of between 46 and 53 teeth while the Tiagra one (below) is 10-speed compatible and takes a large chainring of between 46 and 52 teeth (if you want to use a chainring larger than 53-teeth, Shimano says you have to go all the way up to a top level Dura-Ace front derailleur). You can also get a Tiagra front derailleur that’s suitable for use with a triple chainset.
When we reviewed the Shimano 105 groupset we said, “The front mech’s longer, newly shaped link arm creates more leverage and therefore requires less effort to effect the shift. Couple that with a new spring mechanism and the shifting is smooth, fast and precise.”
We found the Tiagra front derailleur to shift cleanly, smoothly and quietly, even under load.
|Tiagra||277g (long cage)||£37.99 (short), £39.99 (long)||£24.99 (short) £26.49 (long)|
|105||234g (short cage), 250g (long cage)||£47.99 (short), £52.99 (long )||£28.99 (short), £31.75 (long)|
The Tiagra and 105 (below) rear derailleurs are very similar, although the Tiagra version is designed to be used as part of a 10-speed setup while the 105 version is designed for 11-speed. Each is made with a bracket body, plate body and plates made from aluminium.
Both Tiagra and 105 rear derailleurs come in short cage and long cage versions for use with different cassettes.
Go for the long cage version of 105 and you can use a largest sprocket with 32 teeth while Tiagra allows you to go to 34-tooth for an even lower gear to help you get up the steepest of climbs.
“The geometry of the 105 rear derailleur has been changed quite a bit [from the previous version of 105] as has the cable pitch,” we said when we reviewed it.
“Thanks to that and the new lighter spring balance the shifting is absolutely spot on. With the bike on the workstand we played a game of seeing how fast we could shift before the mech became flustered but it's safe to say your finger will make a mistake first. Up and down the cassette in a blur goes the chain.”
When we reviewed Tiagra we said, “Shimano says it has revised the cable pitch on the rear derailleur (above), claiming it now offers 'precise and long-lasting shifting performance'. It's certainly living up to those claims compared with old Tiagra.”
|Tiagra||355g (11-32)||£29.99 (11-25, 11-28), £34.99 (11-32, 11-34)||£17.94, £22.48|
|105||269g (12-25)||£49.99 (12-25, 11-28), £54.99 (11-32)||£30.98, £32.50|
The Tiagra and 105 cassettes both feature nickel plated steel sprockets although the 105 version has an a spider arm and a lockring made from anodised aluminium and it’s considerably lighter. The biggest difference, though, is that a 105 cassette is 11-speed while a Tiagra one is 10-speed.
105 is available in 11-25, 11-32 and 12-25 tooth options while Tiagra comes in 11-25, 12-28 11-32 and a very wide range 11-34 tooth.
When he reviewed Shimano 105 (above) Stu said, “Resistance to wear has always been a reason for me to buy 105 sprockets even with an Ultegra or Dura-Ace equipped bike, and that remains here as the nickel-plated sprockets are standing up to pretty much anything you can throw at it.
“The shifting is sharp and those computer designed tooth profiles must be doing their job as even under load there were no missed shifts.”
|Tiagra||273g (114 links)||£19.99||£13.99|
|105||257g (114 links)||£29.99||£15.99|
The 105 chain (below) is 11-speed rather than 10-speed, so it’s narrower and a little lighter than the Tiagra version.
They both run very quietly thanks to Sil-Tec (PTFE) coated links.
|Tiagra||92g (threaded), 71g (press-fit)||£16.99||£9.43|
|105||77g (threaded), 69g (press-fit)||£29.99||£10.77|
The Tiagra press-fit bottom bracket is nearly as light as the 105 version. Although the threaded model is quite a bit heavier than the 105 one (above) in percentage terms, you’re still only talking about 15g, and that’s negligible considering the overall weight of your bike.
Tiagra is a really impressive groupset. It does everything you want from a mid-level road bike with only a few minor quibbles. The biggest decision is whether you're really fussed about having the 11-speed of Shimano's more expensive 105.
If you go for Tiagra you can’t upgrade to 105 one component at a time because 10-speed and 11-speed drivetrain components aren’t interchangeable – at least not officially. You’d have to upgrade most of the groupset components at once for optimum performance. As well as an 11-speed cassette having an extra sprocket, the spacing between those sprockets is smaller, an 11-speed chain is narrower than a 10-speed chain, the derailleur shift ratios are different and, obviously, an 11-speed shifter has one more position than a 10-speed one.
If you go for 105, on the other hand, you could swap to Ultegra or Dura-Ace gradually as each component wears out. That might be attractive, but only if you’re realistically likely to do this.
If you want really low gears, Tiagra might be the better choice because you can get a cassette with a 34-tooth largest sprocket. The maximum you can have with 105 is 32-tooth.
The other major difference between the two groupsets is that the 105 brakes are considerably better than Tiagra ones. They are a real highlight both in terms of all-out power and fingertip control.
Tiagra offers excellent value for money but 105 is certainly the better groupset and we’d recommend going for it if your funds allow because of the better brakes, the small weight saving and the upgrade to 11-speed.
[This article was last updated on October 3, 2017]
Mat has worked for loads of bike magazines over 20+ years, and been editor of 220 Triathlon and Cycling Plus. He's been road.cc technical editor for eight years, testing bikes, fettling the latest kit, and trying out the most up-to-the-minute clothing. We send him off around the world to get all the news from launches and shows too. He has won his category in Ironman UK 70.3 and finished on the podium in both marathons he has run. Mat is a Cambridge graduate who did a post-grad in magazine journalism, and he is a past winner of the Cycling Media Award for Specialist Online Writer.