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Fiorenzo Magni, three time Giro winner and Italy's Lion of Flanders, dies at age of 91

'Third man' to Coppi and Bartali, Magni's career was tainted by rumours of wartime involvement with fascists...

Fiorenzo Magni, the ‘third man’ of Italian cycling during the years of Fausto Coppi and Gino Bartali’s post-war rivalry, has died at the age of 91. Despite his career coinciding with the dominance of his two illustrious compatriots, Magni’s own palmares included three Giro d’Italia titles and three victories in the Tour of Flanders, the latter earning him the nickname “the Lion of Flanders.”

Those Giro d’Italia victories came in 1948, 1951 and 1955, but Magni was unable to emulate Bartali and Coppi in winning the Tour de France. He did wear the maillot jaune during the 1950 edition of the race, but pulled out with the rest of the Italian team after home fans had accused Gino Bartali of causing Jean Robic to fall, Bartali being kicked and punched and even threatened with a knife.

Instead, it was the Tour of Flanders that Magni made his own, winning it for three years in succession from 1949 – he took the last of those with a 75km solo ride after dropping his fellow breakaway companions – and he was only the second non-Belgian to win the race.

His exploits there earned him the nickname 'Il Leone delle Fiandre' - the Lion of Flanders - from the Italian press.

For all those successes, Magni himself considered his 1956 runner's-up spot to Charly Gaul in the Giro d’Italia to be his greatest performance, riding nearly half of that race with a broken clavicle.

That gave rise to one of the most iconic cycling photographs from the era, Magni pulling on an inner tube with his teeth to help steer the bike, since he was unable to do so with his left arm.

Magni died overnight at home in Vaiano, the same small Tuscan town around 25 kilometres northwest of Florence where he was born on 7 December 1920.

As John Foot recounts in his history of Italian cycling, Pedalare! Pedalare!, it was close to Vaiano that Magni was widely believed to have participated in a fascist massacre of partisans in January 1944, and rumours of his wartime activities would taint his career.

In his later years, Magni would go on to run a successful car dealership in Monza near Milan, as well as being closely involved with the development of the Madonna del Ghisallo cycling museum.


Simon joined as news editor in 2009 and is now the site’s community editor, acting as a link between the team producing the content and our readers. A law and languages graduate, published translator and former retail analyst, he has reported on issues as diverse as cycling-related court cases, anti-doping investigations, the latest developments in the bike industry and the sport’s biggest races. Now back in London full-time after 15 years living in Oxford and Cambridge, he loves cycling along the Thames but misses having his former riding buddy, Elodie the miniature schnauzer, in the basket in front of him.

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PhilRuss | 11 years ago

I must confess that with the current ongoing debacles, I immediately thought, "That is a long straw leading down to a secret compartment in his top-tube,, surely not. Must be just a very long drool". But just how did the thing help steer his velo?

David Else | 11 years ago

Nice piece, Simon. As you say, one of the most iconic photos in cycling.

I always thought he used that inner tube to take some of the pressure off his broken clavicle, rather than to steer. He couldn't pull on the bars fully with his left arm, because of the injury, so he pulled with his teeth instead. I may be wrong though. Either way – it was heroic!

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