Bikes for the long haul, touring bikes are stable when loaded up so you can pack gear for a weekend or more of independent back-roads riding.
Powerful brakes, upright riding position and tough wheels and frame make tourers good round-town bikes too.
Traditional British touring bikes and new-generation adventure bikes blur into each other; like many bike classifications, it's a spectrum not a bucket.
A touring bike will hold its own just fine on a Sunday club run too.
Load up and head for the hills. A touring bike gives you the freedom of self-contained travel under your own steam, carrying whatever you need, from a change of clothes to a full set of camping gear. It's a category that has become blurred in recent years as sportive bikes have met cyclocross bikes and birthed adventure bikes capable of filling the role of the classic touring bikes. Hearing the call of the open road? Let's look at your options.
The classic touring bike is beefed up old-style road bike, tweaking for load-carrying stability. These bikes feature cantilever brakes for stopping power, massive gear ranges with very low ratios, long wheelbases for stability, mounts for pannier racks and mudguards, a more upright riding position and steady handling.
If you're used to close-coupled road bikes the feature of a touring bike you might notice first is the big gap between rear wheel and seat tube. That's a function of the bike's long chainstays which do two things. They allow panniers to be mounted further back for heel clearance while at the same time putting the weight over the tyre contact point so the back end doesn't wag.
When it comes to frame materials, steel is still real for touring bikes. Cycle tourists like its springy resilience, and expedition riders heading for less civilised spots like the way it can be repaired by any village mechanic with a welding torch.
But there are now aluminium-framed touring bikes that take advantage of the rigidity that comes from the over-sized tubing necessary to build in aluminium. We're not aware of any dedicated touring bikes in carbon fibre, but trips like Mike Hall's 2012 round the world record show it's more than reliable enough. Strap a set of Thule Pack 'n' Pedal racks on a carbon cyclo-cross or adventure bike and you'd have a pretty damn good tourer. Just make sure it has long chainstays.
Standard road bike framess are short on add-on features; touring bikes can have lots. You'll find extras like a third set of water bottle bosses under the down tube; a peg for a full-length pump; fork bosses for a low-rider rack; fittings for dynamo wiring; and even a mount for spare spokes.
Where components on road bikes are chosen for low weight and aerodynamics, the vital criteria on touring bikes are strength and reliability. Wheels will have at least 32 spokes, often 36 or even more, and be built on wide, beefy rims. You'll find 32mm tyres to cope with the loads, and many modern touring bikes will take even wider rubber.
For other components, touring bikes often borrow from mountain bikes. Triple chainsets give 27 and 30 gears, though it's not the number that matters but the range. A 28/36 low gear is not unusual, and the latest super-wide mountain bike sprocket cassettes offer the possibility of even lower gears.
Cantilever brakes are traditional, but discs are becoming more and more common for all the same reasons they took over on mountain bikes: greater stopping power and all-weather reliability. An extra advantage of discs for long-distance tourers is that they don't wear the rims, and a minor ding leaves the brake still working and the wheel turning.
Because the riding position is more upright than that of a race-style road bike, touring bikes tend to have wider, more supportive saddles. Cycletourists swear by Brooks leather saddles for their durability, comfort and ability to hold a saddle bag for extra luggage capacity.
Speaking of luggage, you'll need a rack to carry panniers, and the sturdier it is the better. The best racks are made from tubular steel or aluminium for light weight and rigidity; good rear racks have some sort of triangulated bracing to stop them from swaying from side to side.
Panniers carried on a low-rider front rack have far less effect on the bike's handling than bags at the top of the wheel. If you want to travel light, packing front panniers on a low-rider is an often-overlooked option. In the 1980s adventurer Nick Sanders rode round the world on a bike with just front panniers, albeit fairly large ones.
In the selection below we've homed in on bikes specifically billed as touring machines. But in reality you can tour on almost anything. Lots of riders like mountain bikes or hybrids for their more upright riding position. If you travel light you can strap enough gear to a road bike, sportive bike or cyclo-cross bike to get you from one hotel to another, or you can go with a BOB trailer or similar on any sort of bike, as long as you have the gears to tow it up hills.
With an aluminium frame, chromoly fork, wide-range gears and cantilever brakes, the Roux Etape 150 is a relatively inexpensive way to dip your toes in the touring waters with a bike that'll also do nicely for the ride to work.
With mudguards and a rack, it's ready to roll — all you need to add is a pair of panniers.
A steel-framed alternative to the Ridgeback World Tour, but otherwise very similar, with the welcome inclusion of Schwalbe's much-loved, almost puncture proof Marathon tyres.
For decades Dawes was synonymous with touring bikes, especially its Galaxy and Super Galaxy models. This is the entry-level Dawes tourer and comes with a Truvativ chainset with detachable rings that opens up a world of gear customisation. You could swap the stock 28-tooth inner ring for a 22 to get a 22/32 low gear that'll get you up just about anything, even with a full load.
Most touring bikes have 700C wheels, but for sheer robustness the original mountain bike 26-inch size is hard to beat. The smaller wheels are stronger and allow for fat tyres like the 47mm Schwalbe Marathon Reflexes fitted.
The Reynolds 520 butted chromoly frame has fittings for a low-rider front rack, and a third bottle cage. There's even a pump peg behind the head tube.
For 2017, Ridgeback has upgraded the brakes to disks and switched to a flat handlebar, making this very much a mountain bike-style tourer. Low-gear fans will be pleased to see a 36-tooth largest sprocket.
Specialized's AWOL is a thoroughly modern touring bike with disc brakes and fat 700C tyres, an option that's become possible as mountain bikes have switched to 29-inch tyres in recent years.
An unusual feature of Specialized's AWOL series bikes is a dropout design that will accommodate derailleur gears, hub gears or even a belt drive, so you've a massive range of customisation options.
The Long Haul Trucker helped revive interest in touring bikes in the US, and Surly didn't mess about in designing it as a dedicated touring bike. For example, it has the longest chainstays of any bike here designed for standard 700C tyres — only the Trek 920's are longer. That's a sign of a bike whose main job is to carry stuff stably, with speed less of a priority.
The double-butted chromoly frame is hung with an eminently sensible, reliable selection of parts including an old-school five-arm triple chainset, Tektro cantis and Shimano derailleurs.
You don't get racks and mudguards, but that means you can choose your own; the price is reasonable for a bike with this spec without them.
Italy's not a country you associate with touring bikes, but riders who have Cinelli's Hobo Bootleg fast tourers, made from rust-proofed Columbus Cromor steel tubing swear by them.
The Hobo will take 40mm tyres with mudguards, though they're not supplied. You do get racks, including a low-rider up front and like many manufacturers Cinelli has gone with bar-end shifters for middle-of-nowhere reliability.
The bike brand of Somerset touring and tandem specialist SJS Cycles, Thorn is a highly-regarded maker of semi-custom tourers. The frames aren't made-to-measure, but you have a vast range of options in every aspect of the spec.
The Club Tour Mk4 has a Reynolds 725 heat-teated chromoly steel frame that's available in two top tube lengths for each of its four sizes and three fork options. Thorn's brochure is well worth printing out and digesting if you're thinking of buying any sort of touring bike — there a wealth of wisdom and experience there.
The Club Tour will take tyres up to 40mm and is available with cantilevers or disc brakes.
Trek's first model was the steel-framed 520 touring bike, which is still available. The 920 is as far from that style of bike as it's possible to get and still call it a touring bike.
This is a bike intended to take you anywhere it's feasible to ride a laden bike, with fat, knobby 2.0in 29er mountain bike tyres, a low-ratio double chainset, hydraulic disc brakes and SRAM mountain bike derailleurs with bar-end shifters.
You also get Bontrager tubular aluminium racks, but unlike almost every other bike here it doesn't come with mudguards. Trek obviously sees you taking off on muddy trails where guards might just clog up, but there's room for guards if you're sticking to dirt roads and less gloopy trails.
The quintessential off-the-peg British touring bike has a top-class frame made from Reynolds 631 steel tubing and a well-thought-out spec.
Component highlights include puncture-resistant Schwalbe Marathon tyres, SKS chromoplastic mudguards and a transmission based around robust Shimano mountain bike components.
Our official grumpy Northerner, John has been riding bikes for over 30 years since discovering as an uncoordinated teen that a sport could be fun if it didn't require you to catch a ball or get in the way of a hulking prop forward.
Road touring was followed by mountain biking and a career racing in the mud that was as brief as it was unsuccessful.
Somewhere along the line came the discovery that he could string a few words together, followed by the even more remarkable discovery that people were mug enough to pay for this rather than expecting him to do an honest day's work. He's pretty certain he's worked for even more bike publications than Mat Brett.
The inevitable 30-something MAMIL transition saw him shift to skinny tyres and these days he lives in Cambridge where the lack of hills is more than made up for by the headwinds.