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How to choose the right clipless performance cycling shoes

Get yourself the right pair of cycling shoes and your riding immediately becomes both more comfortable and more efficient. While you can cycle in a pair of trainers, we’re going to assume for the sake of this article that you want to ride in dedicated cycling shoes. Cycling shoes are designed to be light and stiff for efficient pedalling, usually with mesh panels to keep your feet cool in the summer, and with a sole that's designed to be compatible with clipless pedals.

Practical clipless pedals first appeared in 1984, an idea borrowed from the world of skiing. A small metal or plastic cleat is attached to the sole of the foot with two, three or four bolts, and engages with a specific type of pedal. This allows for more efficient pedalling because your feet are held in the optimum position.

If you want to choose some cycling shoes, first you need to decide what type of riding you do, because shoes are available in a huge range of styles to suit different demands. They can largely be split into performance road shoes (stiff soles, external cleats) and leisure/commuting/touring shoes where comfort and practicality are important considerations. In this guide we're focusing on performance road shoes, whether it's for general road riding, racing or sportives.

These are your typically recognisable cycling shoes. They have a nylon, composite or carbon-fibre sole. Generally speaking, the more you spend, the stiffer and/or lighter the sole. These are designed to offer the maximum efficiency and power transfer, getting all your energy through the pedals into the transmission to propel you forward. Shoes at the top-end will be extremely stiff, while at the other end of the price spectrum shoes they will often have a higher degree of flex. You might actually find this more comfortable, especially if you're just starting out or you're not trying to emulate Sir Wiggo.

Bont Zero - sole

The soles typically have a three-bolt pattern to accept Shimano’s SPD-SL, Look or Time cleats, or a four-bolt drilling that's compatible with Speedplay’s pedal system. You really don't want to be walking too far in these shoes. The large external cleat, in combination with the stiff sole, makes even the shortest walk a hobble, and can be downright precarious on the wrong floor. You've been warned! The pedals are one-sided and they are usually designed with more weight at the back so they hang in such a way that clipping in is easy. Even so, sometimes you have to flip the pedal the right way in order to clip in.

Shoes have synthetic or leather uppers designed to be as light as possible, and often have many mesh panels to keep your feet ventilated in hot weather. Having hot, sweaty feet is very uncomfortable, especially on a hard ride. Some shoes have a lot more ventilation, which is fine in California, but with the typical British summer it's perhaps worth looking for a shoe with less mesh panelling, depending on how hot your feet tend to get. That's not so easy as most shoes aren't really designed with the British summer in mind. For the winter, you can get Gore-Tex lined shoes to keep out the rain and cold.

Various closure systems are available: Velcro straps, a ratcheting buckle and dial-tightened wire systems are all popular. Some shoes use more than one system. Lace-up shoes have made a return at the top-end with Giro’s Empire shoes harking back to the olden days. Whatever the closure system, the shoe needs to stay in place on your feet; you don't want your feet slipping about in the shoes when you're pedalling. That leads to discomfort and power loss.

Rapha Grand Tour shoes - ratchet

The last few years have seen the development of heat mouldable shoes from the likes of Lake, Shimano and Bont. You can heat up the shoes in an oven and sometimes mould the soles and sometimes the thermoplastic uppers. While not cheap, heat mouldable shoes are slowly becoming more affordable.

Features

The more you spend, the more you get, naturally. With shoes, the more you spend, the lighter the shoe is likely to be. The difference can be anything up to 350g or more between entry-level shoes and the most expensive.

Expensive shoes will use carbon-fibre soles to reduce the weight, which also impacts on the stiffness of the shoe, another factor that increases the more you spend. Stiffness is important for transferring your power to the pedals, and the stiffer the shoe the better it is at doing this. If you’re racing, you’ll want a stiffer shoe, but if you’re not into racing, then you might want to choose a shoe with a more flexible sole.

The system used to secure the shoe to the foot is another key difference between £80 and £200 shoes. The former will likely use a simple arrangement of Velcro straps, while the more you spend the more elaborate the closure is likely to be. From micro-ratcheting buckles to rotary dials to a combination of buckles, ratchets and Velcro, every shoe brand has their favoured approach.

Materials used for the upper get lighter, more breathable and more supple the more you spend. Kangaroo and other leathers tend to be expensive, while there are all kinds of synthetic alternatives. The upper can have a big impact on how comfortable your shoes feel.

Fit

Getting a comfortable shoe that fits well is absolutely essentially so it’s really worth heading to a well-stocked bicycle shop to try them on before you buy. Don’t assume that all brands are sized the same. Some are narrower and some come in wider fits.

Some brands, such as Shimano, cater for different foot widths with a ‘wide’ version of their regular shoes. There are brands that are known to suit narrower feet, an example being Sidi.

For this reason it’s really worth trying on a few shoes from different brands to find the ones that best fit you. When you do try on a pair of cycling shoes in the shop, remember to wear the same socks that you would on the bike.

Heat mouldable shoes, as the name implies are shaped by heat. You warm them up in an oven and then mould them around your fit. This offers a degree of custom fit without the expense of having shoes handmade, which is good for people who struggle to get regular shoes to fit comfortably.

If you’re put off by the prospect of clipless shoes, then clips-and-straps, which are still available, might be more suitable. You can even buy shoes, some retro inspired, designed for toe clips.

14 shoes from £50 to £900

Now you know the options and differences between the shoes and pedal systems, you can make the right choice for you. To give an idea of the available shoes, here's a broad selection from the road.cc review archive.

Specialized S-Works 7 — £239.00-£325.00

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Specialized's latest flagship S-Works 7 road shoe offers outstanding performance with superb comfort, fit, foot retention and power transfer. Yes, they are spendy – and if you opt for custom insoles (more on them below) rather than standard that adds another £110, but they're about the same as other top-end shoes and are easily a match for the best shoes in this class.

If you're interested in the lightest shoes Specialized makes, check out the S-Works Exos and Exos 99. Unless you're a weight weenie, for all-round performance, outright stiffness demands and durability, the S-Works 7 is the shoe to plump for.

You don't need us to tell you just how important fit is to cycling happiness and performance, whether it's the bike or shoes. You can have the spangliest shoes but if the fit is wrong, you're not going to extract your best performance and you risk injury. Specialized has always focused on fit and its Body Geometry tech, developed over a decade ago, has seen its shoes become incredibly popular even with brand conscious types.

Read our review of the Specialized S-Works 7 shoes
Find a Specialized dealer

Giro Trans Boa — £89.99

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Giro's Trans Boa shoes update the excellent Velcro-secured original design to create stiff, comfortable and thoroughly modern shoes. They'll please everyone from keen amateurs to sportive riders and occasional racers with their stiff carbon soles and easily tweaked comfort, though they're not the lightest available.

These Trans are broadly similar to the version that scored an impressive 4.5 stars back in 2016, meaning an Easton EC70 carbon sole, a very breathable microfibre and mesh upper, and an attractive mix of matt and gloss panels. Two of the three Velcro straps are now gone, replaced by a quick-release Boa L6 dial that tightens in 1mm increments.

Read our review of the Giro Trans Boa shoes
Find a Giro dealer

Le Col Pro Carbon — £250

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Le Col's Pro Carbon Road Shoes are the company's first attempt at bringing a pair of race shoes to its lineup and if these are anything to go by then it should keep going: they're impressively stiff with a great shape and a soft, supple upper. The only potential drawback is that they are currently only available in sizes 43, 44 and 45.

Yanto Barker, ex-pro and the man behind clothing brand Le Col, says on the website, 'Your shoes are not only the principle point of contact with your bike, but some of the most personal items in a cyclist's kit. Stylish, well made shoes have been something I've always sought after, and knowing what's needed, I decided we would make our own.'

For some riders, function over form is the way to go but on a warm sunny day when you've got your best bike out and your favourite kit on, watching a pair of bling cycling shoes turning the pedals over is a thing of beauty.

These Pro Carbon models offer exactly that.

Read our review of the Le Col Pro Carbon shoes

Fizik Infinito R1 Knit — £259.99-£359.99

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Supremely comfortable and cool, if you know that you'll be in the market for a lightweight and stiff summer shoe in 2019 then Fizik's Infinito R1 Knit should be right in the mix, despite the hefty price tag.

We've seen a few knit-based cycling shoes hit the market in the last couple of years, and we've rated a couple highly: the mid-priced Giro Empire E70s and the ultra-premium Scott Road RC Ultimate shoes. Both scored highly in the breathability stakes, while also proving that the far more mouldable nature of a fabric upper section can really improve comfort in pretty much any situation you have in mind. Apart from wet and cold weather, obviously.

That's the downside the Fizik Infinito R1s also share – these shoes are certainly not for winter – but in any other situation they're an absolute dream to wear.

Read our review of the Fizik Infinito R1 Knit shoes
Find a Fizik dealer

Shimano RC7 (701) — £126

Shimano RC7.jpg

Shimano's highly impressive race-orientated RC7 shoes have had a significant redesign for 2019, gaining dials and losing Velcro completely. They're still a very comfortable, secure and well-vented option (with a great fit), but while the carbon soles are stiff and vibe-free, they could be stiffer still without sacrificing comfort.

The new RC7s – technically RC701s – are easily distinguished by their twin dials. The mid-foot one allows you to tune security very precisely, creating a fit that's both firm and unconstricted in seconds. I never missed the ability to cinch the toebox with a Velcro strap, which the older style had, and I appreciated the extra room it leaves around my toes for thick socks.

Read our review of the Shimano RC7 (701) shoes
Find a Shimano dealer

Liv Macha Pro Carbon — £219.99

Liv Macha Pro road shoes

The Liv Macha Pro Carbon shoes are a top-end design for those who are serious about performance on the bike (or have the money simply to enjoy riding in a quality shoe). They have super-stiff soles and effective Boa closures, are lightweight and fit exceptionally well around the arch area. The price is high, but so is the performance.

Like most female-specific shoes, the Macha Pros have been designed around a female last. Women's feet tend to be narrower at the ankle and lower volume. Female-specific shoes take this into account, and the biggest manufacturers are accessing huge databases to ensure they are designing products that not only fit exceptionally well, but also aid performance. Liv is one of these, and the Macha Pros are evidence that it's getting it right.

There's a men's version, the Giant Surge Pro (£247.50). We've reviewed those too.

Read our review of the Liv Macha Pro Carbon shoes
Find a Liv dealer

Giro Prolight Techlace — £261.99

Giro Prolight Techlace Cycling Shoes.jpg

Giro's Prolight Techlace Cycling Shoes are ultra-light, attractive top-end shoes that will make a big dent in your bank balance but are a worthy purchase if you can justify them.

With a pair of size 46s weighing just 386g they're among the lightest shoes you can buy, but they're also remarkably comfortable, and after being adjusted — which is quick and easy — they feel just great. The lack of weight is very apparent too.

On the bike, they are stiff at the sole as expected, but the malleable upper allows a little movement and my feet never felt restricted. If you are after the ultimate in a 'clamped in' fit they may not be to your liking.

Read our review of the Giro Prolight Techlace shoes
Find a Giro dealer

Shimano XC7 — £99.95

Shimano XC7 shoes-1.jpg

Not long ago we tested the Shimano RC7 road shoes and found them to be excellent (see below). Turns out that the XC7 mountain bike shoes are excellent too. They're roadie-looking enough for the tarmac with enough versatility for the dirt too; cyclo-cross, gravel riding and mountain biking are all within their remit. As such, they're almost one pair of shoes to rule them all. You can pretty much do anything with these.

At first glance you might be forgiven for thinking the XC7s are road shoes: with Boa closures and an unfussy, shiny upper they have a pretty racy look. Unlike the RC7s, which have a very stiff full-carbon sole, the XC7s have a carbon-reinforced midsole that's a bit more forgiving. That means if you're off the bike jumping the hurdles in a cyclo-cross race or pushing up an off-road climb that's defeated you, there's enough flex to make walking feel pretty normal.

There's a full Michelin rubber outsole, too, to aid off-bike grip, and you can fit two studs at the front for extra grip. The SPD cleat is recessed enough into the sole that you get plenty of purchase from the rubber on cafe floors, although the XC7s are still a bit click-clacky.

You'll find them substantially cheaper if you shop around — as low as £108.50 if you don't need size 43 or 44.

Read our review of the Shimano XC7 shoes
Find a Shimano dealer

Lake CX301 — £189

Lake CX301 Road carbon Shoe.jpg

Comfortable, light, airy and lairy – the impressive CX301s from Lake are great performers as long as the temperature is up and the sun is out.

Straight out of the box I was impressed. They stunned first with the luminous yellow glow, and then by just how remarkably light each shoe was minus cleats, bolts and insoles. Tipping the scales – barely – at 402g for the pair, that's an impressive figure. As a lightweight warm-weather shoe for days out in the hills or when pinning on a race number, they are a winner.

Read our review of the Lake CX301 shoes
Find a Lake dealer

B'Twin 500 Road Cycling Shoes — £49.99

2018 B'Twin 500 shoes.jpg

The B'Twin 500 road cycling shoes are designed for regular road riding and entry level racers. They hit the mark nicely when long, steady miles or competitive stuff's involved.

As the price would suggest, the materials are tried and tested, rather than particularly exotic but they're made in Italy to a decent standard and come complete with the brand's two year warranty. The rigid outer sole is reinforced with fibreglass and has fittings for two-bolt Shimano SPD-style cleats and three-bolt Look Delta, Keo and Shimano SPD-SL cleats.

Read our review of the B'Twin 500 shoes
Find a B'Twin stockist

Giro Trans — £79.99

Giro Trans Road Cycling Shoes.jpg

Giro's Trans Road Shoes offer phenomenal all-day comfort with a carbon sole and stylish design. These are so versatile, they'll appeal to beginners and racers alike.

The Trans is a very impressive shoe indeed. Within the modern design, features of the more expensive Factor shoes can be found. The upper is made of microfibre, which moulds around the mid-foot and heel; the lack of breaking in that these shoes need is astonishing – they really are super-comfy from mile one.

The price above is from a retailer that still has a decent size range, but shop around: there are stockists with restricted size ranges doing them from £101.99.

Read our review of the Giro Trans Road Shoes
Find a Giro dealer

Fizik R5B Donna Women's — £84.99

Fizik R5B Donna Womens shoes 2.jpg

Great value for money for stunning-looking, well-featured and genuinely comfortable women's performance shoes.

The R5B BOA Donnas are some of the most instantly desirable cycling shoes we've had the good fortune to slip our feet into. First off, they mark a departure from the usual solid black or white/silver colour schemes, being a slatey grey with hot pink accents that some will doubtless hate and others love.

They also have a raft of performance features to keep even the most demanding rider satisfied. The BOA system and single Velcro strap are designed to optimize both comfort and performance, while the overall lightness of the shoe and stiffness of the carbon reinforced nylon outsole also contribute to enhanced power transfer.

The men's R5B Uomo shoes are also excellent, as are the slightly more expensive women's R4B shoes.

Read our review of the Fizik R5B Donna Women's shoes
Find a Fizik dealer

Shimano RP9 — £69.00

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Shimano's RP9 shoes are a really excellent race and performance shoe that brings much of the quality and fit of the pro-level 300-series shoes down to a much more affordable level. It's less of a trickle down, more of a flood. They're great.

The RP9s use a very similar carbon fibre sole to the top-end shoes, with Shimano rating its stiffness as 11/12 on their own scale. Certainly it's plenty stiff enough for racing, but it's not uncomfortable for it. That's got a lot to do with the insole, which is excellent, and also features an adjustable instep section with two different heights to tailor your support. The sole is drilled for a 3-bolt cleat only, and there's plenty of fore-aft adjustment available. There's a vent at the front and decent rubber bumpers that do a good job of keeping the sole free of scratches.

The old RP9 with a buckle closure is only available in limited sizes at this price. The new version with a dial starts at £153.99.

Read our review of the Shimano RP9 shoes
Find a Shimano dealer

Giro Empire SLX — £188.99-£205.99

Giro Empire SLX road shoes

Impressive comfort, low weight and stunning looks — as close to a pair of slippers as you can get in cycling shoes. At just 408g for a size 45 pair, the Giro Empire SLX are among the very lightest shoes available. This low weight is backed up by incredible comfort from the lace-up uppers and a super stiff carbon fibre sole that doesn't waste any of your power when sprinting for the line.

Read our review of the Giro Empire SLX shoes
Find a Giro dealer

Scott Road RC Ultimate – £346.64

Scott Road RC Ultimate Shoes -side.jpg

These high-end shoes from Scott certainly aren't cheap, but worth stretching to if you want a very light and comfortable set of kicks for racing and riding in the mountains. Scott have combined Carbitex, a structural carbon fabric, with a textile mesh for superior comfort and breathability in the upper while allowing you to transfer all your energy to the pedals. The sole has Scott's maximum stiffness rating of 10, and blended with their most exotic materials on the upper, this is a top all-day shoe option for serious cyclists.

Read our review of the Scott RC Ultimate
Find a Scott dealer

Giro Factor Techlace — £175.00-£233.32

Giro Factor Techlace  - 7.jpg

The Giro Factor Techlace shoes are lightweight and comfortable, and the novel closure system – a hybrid lace and Velcro strap, plus a Boa dial – makes it easy to adjust the fit on the fly.

Read our review of the Giro Factor Techlace
Find a Giro dealer

Bont Vaypor S — £324.99

Bont Vaypor S.jpg

Bont's Vaypor S shoes are super-stiff yet they provide an excellent level of comfort... but you do have to stump up a whopping great wad of cash if you want to enjoy them!

The soles are handmade from unidirectional Toray carbon fibre and they just don't flex. There are quite a lot of stiff-soled shoes out there these days if you're prepared to pay top-end prices, but the Vaypor S takes things to another level. For what it's worth, Bont claims that the sole boasts the highest strength to weight ratio of any cycling shoe currently available. I don't know if that's true, but I can detect absolutely no flex at all.

Read our review of the Bont Vaypor S
Find a Bont dealer

Mavic Comete Ultimate — £900

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No round up of go-faster shoes is complete without Mavic's staggeringly expensive Comete Ultimates. Almost everything about the Comete Ultimates is outside the shoe-box, from the ultra-stiff carbon fibre sole and shell, to the two-part construction to the low ankle that makes for an easier, more fluid pedalling action.

Tester Dave Arthur was impressed: "They're incredibly stiff, stiffer than any other shoe I can recall testing in recent years. Press down on the pedals and there's no hint of flex from the one-piece carbon shell, and that translates into a phenomenal feeling of speed and acceleration. You feel like you have any extra 80 watts at your disposal.

"Ankle movement is the other big factor and a key differentiator to almost all other high-end shoes. Ankle movement is unhindered compared with other shoes. Because of the low cut ankle of the carbon shell and the flexible tongue of the bootie, my pedalling stroke – which does have a reasonable degree of ankling – felt freer and less restricted than with other high-end shoes that wrap higher and closer to the ankle. This freedom of ankle movement is the biggest takeaway for me of the Mavic shoes and goes some way to supporting Mavic's claims for 'rounder' pedalling."

That enormous price tag is the big issue, though. You can get two or three pairs of most manufacturer's top-line off-the-peg shoes. Heck, you can get a pretty decent bike for that. But if you must have the latest and greatest, and the fit and shape suits your feet, then the Comete Ultimates are the shoes for you.

Read our review of the Mavic Comete Ultimate shoes

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Road.cc buyer's guides are maintained and updated by John Stevenson. Email John with comments, corrections or queries.

David has worked on the road.cc tech team since July 2012. Previously he was editor of Bikemagic.com and before that staff writer at RCUK. He's a seasoned cyclist of all disciplines, from road to mountain biking, touring to cyclo-cross, he only wishes he had time to ride them all. He's mildly competitive, though he'll never admit it, and is a frequent road racer but is too lazy to do really well. He currently resides in the Cotswolds.

36 comments

Avatar
Kadenz [112 posts] 1 year ago
0 likes

Why do articles about cycling shoes never refer to the shape of the last (curved, semi-curved and straight)?

i would have thought that is a key part of shoe fit and comfort. 

Avatar
Reedo [41 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

It is great to have so many options there's no downside  if you choose to steer clear of Giro (and Bell, Blackburn and Camelbak).

https://www.bicycling.com/culture/vista-outdoor-boycott-guns-nra

Avatar
Centuriondolomite [1 post] 1 year ago
0 likes

Hey Guys, 

 

I think the Quoc road cycling shoes definitely deserve a mention: 

https://quocpham.com/collections/road-cycling-shoes

 

Cheers, 

 

Pete

 

 

Avatar
WashoutWheeler [124 posts] 10 months ago
1 like
tritecommentbot wrote:

Gobsmacking naivety in here. Athlete gets money, athlete wears latest product to shill accompanied by cringey social media video. Choice is nothing to do with it. An agent may choose, based on who's paying the most cash.

 

In fact, if you look at recent retirees, they often quote having choice over kit again as being one of the advantages. I think Gaimon is a good recent example.

 

Does this look like a guy who made a 'choice'?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EfxXM9L3B0s

 

They'll wear anything, and if it's pants, the sponsor will simply customise the product for them. And even then if it's still pants they'll still wear it - London Marathon last weekend being a perfect example. 

"Gobsmacking naivety in here" IMHO a rather superior stance given most of us know full well how sponsorship works.

I made my lving in two and four wheel motorsport for over 15 years, I almost always found that sports people will actualy USE the best product they can afford.

And if that means that they have to cover over a product name or put a product name on to keep a sponsor or agent happy many will and do do it.

But use something just because an agent or sponsor says so? I rarly if ever saw that happen generaly if its no good the pros just will not entertain it.

That is one of the reasons so much racing kit has little or no identify mark they do not want their competitors knowing what they use, indeed  lots of the factory stuff is often VERY nondescript looking!!

I doubt in cycling where shoes are quite important top riders will actualy USE a poor product,  Promote one? possibly, but like it or not it is the Sponsors money that keeps the teams and the tours going, and sadly as much as some may not like it, the moral highground was lost the day the first sportsman took money for doing their job!

My £60 Shimano's do quite a good job for me as for £900 for a pair of shoes I would love to be able to afford them! Let alone do them justice!

Avatar
Simon E [3636 posts] 3 months ago
1 like

"Stiffness is important for transferring your power to the pedals"

Has anyone tested this? I find it difficult to believe that you lose any watts with 'ordinary' polycarbonate soles. But the good people in marketing live to peddle myths.  3

Avatar
srchar [1260 posts] 3 months ago
0 likes

Wot no S-Works?

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