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More than 600 tests carried out during last month's race - all come back negative...

To no doubt huge relief on all sides, it has been announced that there were no positive anti-doping test results at the 2013 Tour de France, the 100th editon of the race, and the first since Lance Armstrong confessed to Oprah Winfrey that he had cheated his way to seven consecutive wins from 1999 to 2005.

At a media day at UCI headquarters in Aigle, Switzerland, Cycling Anti-Doping Foundation (CADF) director Francesca Rossi announced the results of 622 blood and urine samples taken during the 100th edition of the Tour.

The number of tests carried out was 10 per cent up on 2012’s total of 566 samples.

The results were also part of a strategy of targeted testing, with 198 of the samples taken during the race for the purposes of the biological passport, 49 more than last year.

“This target testing strategy has been hugely facilitated by the excellent on-site co-operation between CADF and [French national anti-doping agency] AFLD during the race,” said Dr Rossi.

Of course, the fact that this appears to be the cleanest race in years could yet change, as the UCI and the AFLD have agreed to keep the samples taken for possible retrospective testing in the future.

It stands starkly against this year’s Giro d’Italia, which saw stage winner Mauro Santambrogio kicked out of after testing positive for EPO, only days after his team-mate Danilo Di Luca, who had failed an out-of-competition test from before the Giro.

The Tour was long dogged by doping scandals long before Armstrong’s confirmation of his cheating.

In 2012 Frank Schleck tested positive for a diuretic, a substance that the World Anti-Doping Agency describes as "more susceptible to a credible, nondoping explanation."

He was fired by RadioShack-Leopard, and his ban only expired last month. He will be joining the succesor team sponsored by Trek that takes over the WordTour licence from January.

In 2011 Alexandr Kolobnev tested positive for the the diuretic and masking agent hydrochlorothiazide, and removed from the Katusha team, although he was subsequently cleared by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).

In 2010 Alberto Contado, having won the race, was identified as having taken clenbuterol, a fact he put down to eating contaminated beef.

That defence was rejected last year by CAS and as a result, he lost his 2010 Tour title, along with the 2011 Giro d’Italia title, and was given a two-year, mainly retroactive, ban.

It was hoped that the 100th edition of the race would mark a new start for the race, but sceptics are yet to be convinced, as evidenced in the questioning of race winner Chis Froome and his team principal at Dave Brailsford during his success in this year’s race, and the fact that several riders in this year’s Giro were still prepared to take the risk.

A report by the French Senate published last month gave clues as to the depth of the scandal at its height, naming 18 riders whose samples from the 1998 race, already blighted by the Festina scandal, were found to have tested positive.

Those were the man who won the yellow jersey that year, Marco Pantaini, plus Manuel Beltran, Jeroen Blijlevens, Mario Cipollini, Laurent Desbiens, Jacky Durand, Bo Hamburger, Jens Heppner, Laurent Jalabert, Kevin Livingston, Eddy Mazzoleni, Nicola Minali, Abraham Olano, Fabio Sacchi, Marcos Serrano, Andrea Tafi, Jan Ullrich and Erik Zabel.

It also listed 12 riders whose retested samples were described as “suspicious”: Stephane Barthe, Ermanno Brignoli, Giuseppe Calcaterra, Pascal Chanteur, Bobby Julich, Eddy Mazzoleni, Roland Meier, Axel Merckx, Frederic Moncassin, Stuart O'Grady, Alain Turicchia,  and Stefano Zanini.

The report led British Cycling’s president Brian Cookson, who is standing for election as UCI president against Pat McQuaid, to say: “The fact that it appears so many riders tested positive in the 1998 and 1999 Tour de France for EPO is a terrible indictment of the people responsible, and those with the most responsibility for the culture within the sport are the UCI.”

Born in Scotland, Simon moved to London aged seven and now lives in the Oxfordshire Cotswolds with his miniature schnauzer, Elodie. He fell in love with cycling one Saturday morning in 1994 while living in Italy when Milan-San Remo went past his front door. A daily cycle commuter in London back before riding to work started to boom, he's been news editor at road.cc since 2009. Handily for work, he speaks French and Italian. He doesn't get to ride his Colnago as often as he'd like, and freely admits he's much more adept at cooking than fettling with bikes.

13 comments

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mooleur [537 posts] 2 years ago
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While a large part of my brain wants to speculate, a logical part of it also wants to celebrate this. 622 tests, while some of them *may* have been clever evasion - a large majority of these results will undoubtedly be genuine. This is certainly a massive step forward for the sport, good sh1t.  1

On another note, I nearly bought some Evening Primrose Oil last night in Tesco, I'm glad I didn't now. Getting close to the edge.

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NoMapNoCompass [39 posts] 2 years ago
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"In the blood analysis, 22 samples were tested for EPO-like substances, 18 for human growth hormone and two for transfusions."

-Wow, two blood tests for transfusions in a three week Tour!

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notfastenough [3673 posts] 2 years ago
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@Nomapnocompass, blimey, you would have assumed more than 2 tests for transfusions for nigh on 200 athletes in a 21-day event! Where's that info from?

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fatty [77 posts] 2 years ago
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If only 2 out of 622 tests were for blood transfusions then this is a worthless claim by the anti-doping bods that the tour was clean[er]. However, I'd like to know where that statistic comes from too before I commit to this judgement!

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Colin Peyresourde [1695 posts] 2 years ago
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You might call me cynical, but I pretty much expected a 'clean' 100th edition Tour. After the scandal of Liestrong and cycling's tarnished reputation I don't think the sport needed to 'find' any dopers. Look at the intensity of the press spotlight that Froome received without a single doper being caught. It would've been far worse if even one had been found.

I'm not convinced by this release, especially if the comments above are true and the testing was far from comprehensive. What does interest me is that they are holding on to samples for retrospective purposes. One senses that the anti-doping agency has kept it's powder dry for expedient purposes, with a view to corroborating evidence later.

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mooleur [537 posts] 2 years ago
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I can't find any documented evidence that the comments regarding the minimal transfusion testing are true. Been scouring the web all day. My googling skillz are waning - where's this cited from @nomapnocompass?

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netclectic [133 posts] 2 years ago
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Is it not the case that the direct test for these were pretty useless anyway and they've effectively been replaced by the biological passport?

I found this - http://www.rte.ie/sport/cycling/2013/0820/469290-no-positive-tests-from-... - which has the same quote but still doesn't link to the original source.

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mooleur [537 posts] 2 years ago
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netclectic wrote:

Is it not the case that the direct test for these were pretty useless anyway and they've effectively been replaced by the biological passport?

That's what I thought!

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jarredscycling [456 posts] 2 years ago
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A step in the right direction

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pwake [374 posts] 2 years ago
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NoMapNoCompass wrote:

"In the blood analysis, 22 samples were tested for EPO-like substances, 18 for human growth hormone and two for transfusions."

-Wow, two blood tests for transfusions in a three week Tour!

Could you elaborate on this 'statistic'?

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AWPeleton [3282 posts] 2 years ago
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Where's Decster when you need him. He will have all the facts  3

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Colin Peyresourde [1695 posts] 2 years ago
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stumps wrote:

Where's Decster when you need him. He will have all the facts  3

I think he's be campaigning outside the Swiss Cycle Federation.

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Jimbonic [136 posts] 2 years ago
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Is cider on the banned list yet?

Phew?!